Morphological variations of superior sugarcane cultivars (Saccharum officinarum) from Lampung, Indonesia

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

INTAN POESPITA WINDIYANI
MAHFUT MAHFUT
PURNOMO PURNOMO
BUDI SETIADI DARYONO

Abstract

Abstract. Windiyani IP, Mahfut, Purnomo, Daryono BS. 2022. Morphological variations of superior sugarcane cultivars (Saccharum officinarum) from Lampung, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 23: 4110-4117. Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is the main crop for producing sugar and for various industries. The need for sugar is continuously increasing as the population grows and the diverse demands of industrial needs. One of the efforts to increase sugar production is by developing high-yielding sugarcane varieties. In doing so, performing morphological characterization is necessary so that superior sugarcane cultivars can be identified. This study aimed to determine the morphological variations and phenetic relationships of the crosses of sugarcane cultivars of the collections of PT. Gunung Madu Plantation in Lampung, Indonesia. Morphological observation of 15 sugarcane cultivars was carried out on 37 characters covering leaves, leaf midrib, internodes, stems, eyes, and agronomical aspects. The dendrogram was built using the UPGMA cluster using the Gower’s General Similarity Coefficient algorithm, while the PCA analysis was performed using the Euclidean Distance algorithm using MVSP v.3.1 software. The results of the study showed that there were fairly high morphological variations among the sugarcane cultivars observed. The results showed the superior sugarcane cultivars of PT. GMP collections (i.e., GMP 1, GMP 2, GMP 3, GMP 4, GMP 5, GMP 6, and GMP 7) were not in one cluster due to differences between each parent. The principal component analysis of 37 characters showed that the total variation on axis I contributed 27.62% to the variation with an eigenvalue of 0.25, while axis II was 17.9% with an eigenvalue of 0.16. The information about morphological variations in this study suggests that morphological characters as taxonomic evidence are very good for identifying and analyzing local sugarcane cultivar variations and knowing the closeness of their kinship relationships.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

References
Amzeri AK, Badami, G Pawana, M Alfiansyah, BS Daryono. 2021. Phenotypic and genetic diversity of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) in East Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22 (11): 5223-5230.
Daniels J, Roach BT. 1987. Taxonomy and Evolution. InD’Heinz (Eds). Sugarcane improvement through breeding. Development in Crop Science II. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Hamida R, Parnidi. 2019. The relationship of sugarcane germ plasma based on morphological characters. Bulletin of Tobacco Crops, Industrial Fibers & Oils, 11 (1): 24-32.
Hapsoro D. 2019. In Vitro Culture of Sugar Cane and Its Benefits for Mutagenesis with Gamma Rays. Anugrah Utama Raharja, Lampung.
Hidayati NZ, Saptadi D, Soetopo L. 2016. Analysis of Relationships of 20 Species of Dendrobium orchids Based on Morphological Characters. Journal of Crop Production 4 (4): 291-297
Mahfut, Handayani TT, Wahyuningsih S, Sukimin. 2021. Identification of Dendrobium (Orchidaceae) in Liwa Botanical Garden Based on Leaf Morphological Characters. Journal of Tropical Biodiversity and Biotechnology 06: 01
Manners J, McIntyre L, Casu L, Cordeiro G, Jackson M, Aitken K, Jackson P, Bonnet G, Lee LS, Henry RJ. 2004. Can genomics revolutionize genetics and breeding in sugarcane; Proceeding of the 4th int. Crop Science Congress (Brisbane, QLD).
Martiwi INA, Nugroho LH, Daryono BS, Susandarini R. 2020. Morphological Variability and Taxonomic Relationship of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Accessions Based on Qualitative Characters. Annual Research & Review in Biology 35 (6): 40-52.
Oktavianingsih L, Suharyanto E, Daryono BS, Purnomo. 2019. Morphological characters variability of taro (Colocasia spp.) in Kalimantan, Indonesia based on phenetic analysis approach. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 51(1): 37-56.
Ongala J, Mwanga D, Nuani F. 2016. On the use of principal component analysis in sugarcane clone selection. J. Indian Soc. Agric. Stat. 70(1): 33-39.
Palupi D, Daryono BS. 2021. Genetic diversity of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) provenances based on morphological parameters. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics. 53 (3): 479-498
Podani J. 1999. Extending Gowers’s General Coefficient of Similarity to Ordinal Characters. Taxon: International Association For Plant Taxonomy (IAPT).
PT. Gunung Madu Plantation. 2015. Company history. http://www.gunungmadu.co.id
Purnomo, Daryono BS, Sentori MB. 2015. Variability and Intraspecies Classification of Pumkin (Cucurbita Moschata (Duch. Ex Lam.) Duch. Ex Poir.) Based on Morphological Characters. ISSN 2413-0877 2: 286- 293.
Purnomo, Falah M, Minantyorini, Daryono BS. 2020. Phenetic analysis of cultivated taro (Colocasia esculenta L. Schott) accessions based on morphological characters. SABRAO Journal of Breeding and Genetics 52 (3): 231-247.
Siahaan HSW, Sari AS, Waluyo B. 2020. Variation of Morphological Characters and Components of Several F1 Clones Preliminary Selection Results of Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Plant Production Journal 8 (11): 1028-1034.
Singh G. 1999. Plant Systematics. New Hampshire: Science Publisher
Stace CA. 1981. Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics. Edward Arnold, London.
Thapa DB, Sharma RC, Mudwari A, Ferrara GO, Sharma S, Basnet RK, Witcombe JR, Virik DS, Joshi KD. 2009. Identifying superior wheat cultivars in participatory research on resource poor farms. Field Crop Res. 12: 124-130.
Utama R. 2020. Analysis of the Development of Staple Food Prices in Domestic and International Markets. Center for the Study of Domestic Trade, Ministry of Trade of the Republic of Indonesia
Utami DFF, Ellis N, Roviq M. 2019. Grouping of 6 Clones of Sugar Cane (Saccharum officinarum L.) in the Vegetative Phase Based on Morphological and Physiological Characters. Plant Production Journal, 7 (9).
Zhou H, Rong-Zhong Y, Yang-Rui Li. 2015. Principal component and cluster analyses for quantitative traits in GT sugarcane germplasm (Saccharum spp. Hybrids). IJAIR 3(6): 1686-1690.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>