Abstract. Ad’hani H, Wulandari KD, Kusumaningrum L, Setyawan AD. 2019. Review: Biodiversity of riparian vegetation in tropical areas: Bamboos of the genus Bambusa and Gigantochloa in Indonesia. Bonorowo Wetlands 9: 1-9. Riparian vegetation consists of trees, bushes, shrubs, and herbs on both sides of the river bank. Riparian vegetation has many advantages. The ecological function of riparian vegetation is to support ecosystem stability because it plays a role in the carbon, oxygen, nitrogen and water cycles. Bamboo is riparian vegetation that is commonly found on river banks. The majority of bamboo has a dense and strong sympodial rhizome root system that can be used as vegetation for river border conservation and can withstand erosion and landslides around the river flow. The bamboo clump serves to increase water into the aquifer to prevent run-off to the river, reducing the danger of big floods, so bamboo is suitable to be used as riparian vegetation. In Indonesia, there are ten bamboo genera out of about 80 bamboo genera worldwide, and the bamboo genera that are quite common in Indonesia are Bambusa and Gigantochloa. The existence of bamboo is increasingly threatened along with the increased human activity. Therefore it is necessary to preserve and conserve bamboo.