Production and effect of vermiwash singly and in combination with vermicompost on the growth, development and productivity of tomato in the greenhouse in Suriname

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

VIJANTIE R.R. AWADHPERSAD
LYDIA ORI
ABDULLAH A. ANSARI

Abstract

Abstract. Awadhpersad VRR, Ori L, Ansari A. 2021. Production and effect of vermiwash singly and in combination with vermicompost on the growth, development and productivity of tomato in the greenhouse in Suriname. Asian J Agric 4: 29-34. In Suriname farmers often largely rely on high inputs of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides to achieve high yield. To overcome this, sustainable agriculture seeks to introduce agricultural practices that are environmentally sound, economically viable, and socially supportive. In the present study, the effect of vermicompost and vermiwash and in combination was evaluated on the growth and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) in the greenhouse. The experiment was a Randomized Block Design with four treatments and three replications. The growth parameters were measured for plant height, shoot wet and dry weight, root weight, and length, and yield in terms of the number of fruits and fruit weight. The produced vermiwash was a brownish colored liquid and had all the essential macro and micro plant nutrients, which indicates an environmentally friendly enriched nutrient liquid fertilizer for sustainable agriculture. The research results at harvest time indicated that the plant height, shoot fresh and dry weight, root weight, root density, root length, yield and fruit weight were higher for the plants treated with a combination of vermicompost and vermiwash. It was also noted that the flowering and fruiting ratio were significantly enhanced by application of vermiwash as a foliar spray. The combination of vermicompost and vermiwash (50 g + 50 mL) significantly (p < 0.05) resulted in the highest yielding plants, followed by vermiwash (100 mL) and vermicompost (100 g).

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

References
Adhikary, S. (2012). Vermicompost, the story of organic gold: A review. Agricultural Sciences, 3(7), 905-917. doi:10.4236/as.2012.37110
Ansari, A. A., & Sukhraj, K. (2010). Effect of vermiwash and vermicompost on soil parameters and productivity of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) in Guyana. African Journal Agr. Res., 5(14), 1794-1798.
Bhowmik, D., Sampath, K. K., Shravan, P., & Shwera, S. (2012). Tomato - A Natural medicine and its Health Benefits. Journal of Pharmocognosy and Phytochemustry , 1(1), 33-43.
Jaikisun, S., Hunte, N., Ansari, A. A., & Gomathinayagam, S. (2014). Effect of vermiwash from different sources (Bagasse, Neem, Paddy Straw in different combinations)in Controlling Fungal Diseases and Growth of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) Fruits in Guyana. Journal of Biological Sciences, 14(8), 501-507.
Jaybhaye, Maya, M., & Bhalerao, S. A. (2015). Effect of vermiwash on the growth parameters of Solanum melongena L. (Brinjal plants). International journal of current research in biosciences and plant biology, 2(9), 22-29.
Joshi, R., & Vig, A. P. (2010). Effect of vermicompost on growth, yield and quality of Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum L.). African journal of basic and applied sciences, 2(3-4), 117-123.
Kaur, P., Bhardwaj, M., & Babber, I. (2015). Effect of vermicompost and vermiwash on the growth of vegetables. Research journal of Animal, Veterinary and Fisheries Sciences, 3(4), 9-12.
Lujan-Hdalgo, Celina, M., & et. al. (2016). Effects of vermicompost and vermiwash on plant, plenolic content and anti-oxidant activity of mexican pepperleaf (piper auritum kunth) cultivatedin phospate rock potting media. compost science and utilization, 1-7.
Maheswari, V. N., Srikumaran, M. P., Rekha, G. S., Elumalai, D., & Kaleena, P. K. (2016). Growth promoting effects of vermiwash and Panchagavya on dolichus lalab under field experimental conditions. International journal of applied sciences and biotechnology, 4(4), 513-518.
Makker, C., Singh, J., & Parkash, C. (2017). Vermicompost and vermiwas as supplement to improve seedling, plant growth and yield in Linum usitassimum L. for organic agriculture. International journal of recycling organic waste agriculture, 6, 203-2018. doi:10.1007/s40093-017-0168-4
Manyuchi, M. M. (2016). Production of Bio-Fertlizers form vermicomposting of waste corn pulp blended with cow dung as solid waste management approach. Harare Institute of Technology, Department of chemical and process systems engineering. Research Gate.
Manyuchi, M. M., Phiri, A., Muredzi, P., & Chitambwe, T. (2013). Comparison of vermicompost and vermiwash bio-fertilizers from vermicomposting waste corn pulp. International journal of Agriculture and Biosystems Engineering, 7(6), 389-392. Retrieved from scholar.waset.org/1307-6892/7920
Prabina, J. B., Devi, T. S., & Kumutha, K. (2018). Developing and evaluating neem leaf vermiwash as organic plant growth promoter. International journal of current microbiology and applied sciences, 7(1), 859-866. doi:https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.104
(2019). Productie en beplant areaal van tomaten per district. Paramarbo: Ministery of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries.
Samadhiya, H., Dandotiya, P., Chaturvedi, J., & Agarwal, O. P. (2013). Effect of vermiwash on the growth and development of leaves and stem of tomato plants. International journal of current research, 5(10), 3020 - 3032.
Sundrarasu, K., & Jeyasankar, A. (2014). Effect of vermiwash on the growth and yield of Brinjal, Solanum Molenga (Eggplant or Aubergine). Asian journal of sciences and technology, 5(3), 171-173.
Tharmaraj, K., Ganesh, P., Kolanjinathan , K., Suresh , K. R., & Ananda, A. (2011). Influence of vermicompost and vermiwash on physico chemical properties of rice cultivated soil. Current Botany, 2(3), 18-21.
Tomatti, U., Grappelli, A., & Galli, E. (1988). The hormone-like effect of earthworm casts on plant growth. Biology and fertility of soils , 5, 288-294.
Verma, S., Babu, A., Patel, A., Singh, S. K., Pradhan, S. S., Verma, S. K., . . . Singh, R. K. (2018). Significance of vermiwash on crop production: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 7(2), 297-301.
Wright, D., & Lenssen, A. W. (2013). Humic and Fulvic Acids and their Potential in Crop Production. Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications, 187.
Zaefarian, F., & Rezvani, M. (2016). 5 - Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) Production Under Organic and Traditional Farming. In Environmental stresses in Soybean production (pp. 103-129). Academic press.