Ethnobotanical study on Daksina constituent plants on Lombok Island, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia




Abstract. Lombok Island is located between Bali and Sumbawa Island in Lesser Sunda, Indonesia. About 80% of the population is inhabited by the original tribe called Sasak. Other tribe that has close cultural relationship is Bali, whose a variety of Hinduism traditional rituals both religious and ancestral beliefs. In carrying out a traditional ritual, Balinese required several means to support the ceremony, one of which is daksina. This research aims to explore the ethnobotanical aspects of plants that compose daksina. The study was conducted in several Balinese-Hindu villages in 5 regions in Lombok Island, i.e. Mataram City, West Lombok Regency, North Lombok Regency, Central Lombok Regency and East Lombok Regency. Field data collection was done through participatory observation, interviews and documentation. Informants were selected based on purposive sampling and snowball sampling methods. Reported Use (RU) and Index of Cultural Significance (ICS) were calculated to obtain the cultural importance value of the species. The result records that 46 plant species of 27 families are utilised in composing daksina that used in 13 traditional ceremonial rituals in Balinese-Hindu communities on Lombok Island. In general, traditional rituals have some valuable ethnobotanical aspects that should be revealed as an effort in preserving natural and cultural resources, and in supporting ecotourism.