Ethnobotanical indices on wound healing medicinal plants in the Arjuna River of Virudhunagar District in Tamil Nadu, Southern India

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S. SHANMUGAM
V. RAJAGOPAL
S. BALAMURUGAN
C.P. MUTHUPANDI
V.M. ESWARAN
K. RAVEENDRARETNAM
K. RAJENDRAN

Abstract

Abstract. Shanmugam S, Rajagopal V, Balamurugan S, Muthupandi CP, Eswaran VM, Raveendraretnam K, Rajendran K. 2021. Ethnobotanical indices on wound healing medicinal plants in the Arjuna River of Virudhunagar District in Tamil Nadu, Southern India. Asian J Ethnobiol 4: 31-36. Medicinal plants can perform a significant role in the prevention of pathogenic attacks in the body. Plants are a great source of primary health care due to the presence of certain chemical compounds. Research on the traditional knowledge related to plants used for wound healing still needs adequate attention. In this concern, the present study was carried out to document the therapeutic uses of medicinal plants existing in the Arjuna River bank of Virudhunagar District in Tamil Nadu to heal various types of wounds. The frequent fieldwork was conducted from June 2018 to March 2019 in four villages selected for this study. The scientific name, family name, local name (in Tamil), part (s) used, mode of preparation, mode of application, and mode of administration of medicine were recorded. The ethnomedicinal data were statistically analyzed by ethnobotanical indices such as Use Value (UV), Citation Frequency (CF), and Relative Importance (RI). A total of 23 medicinal remedies prepared from 23 plants were recorded. Mimosa pudica was found with the highest values in all three indices. Further research on the phytochemistry and pharmacology of these medicinal plants should be conducted.

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