Review: Ethno-zoological study of animals-based medicine used by traditional healers of North-east India

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JAFRIN FARHA HUSSAIN
HERO TYNSONG

Abstract

Abstract. Hussain JF, Tynsong H. 2021. Review: Ethno-zoological study of animals-based medicine used by traditional healers of North-east India. Asian J Ethnobiol 4: 1-22. Since ages, plants and animals have been used in human cultures as therapeutics. Animals have not only acted as a source of food for humans, but have also been commonly used in applications such as medicine, clothes, and other related services. The use of animals and animal products in traditional methods of treating diseases, and for many other reasons, dates back to the early days of civilization. Treatment of human diseases using animal-derived products is called zootherapy or ethno-zoology. Despite the worldwide utilization of ethno-zoology in the form of traditional medicines based on animals, a thorough and comprehensive study of zootherapy in comparison to plant-based medicinal research is still ignored. This study is an attempt to highlight available knowledge on ethno-zoological therapeutic applications used by different traditional healers of North-East (NE) India. With regard to the frequency of animal species, the use of mammals and mammalian products is found to be the highest in NE India as compared to other animal groups, while use of fish-based medicine in the state of Manipur is prevalent compared to other animal species. In Arunachal Pradesh, use of insects is high in traditional medicines.

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