Identification and characterization of traditional agroforestry practices and their socioeconomic roles in Dendi District, Central Ethiopia

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

TESFAYE HUMNESSA
WONDWOSSEN GEBRETSADIK
ALEMAYEHU NEGASA

Abstract

Abstract. Humnessa T, Gebretsadik W, Negasa A. 2022. Identification and characterization of traditional agroforestry practices and their socioeconomic roles in Dendi District, Central Ethiopia. Asian J For 6: 83-89. This study was conducted in the Dendi District of Central Ethiopia in three kebele (smallest administration units in Ethiopia) to identify and characterize the existing traditional agroforestry practices and their contribution to household livelihood. Informal surveys were conducted through key informant interviews and physical observations, while formal surveys were conducted using structured questionnaires. Home gardens, scattered trees on cropland, scattered woody species on grazing land, live fencing, and rarely woodlots were traditional agroforestry practices identified in the area. Home gardens were the prevailing traditional agroforestry practices in the study area. Fifty-seven (57) perennial woody species and twenty-two (22) annual crops (including vegetables and crops) in the home garden, twelve (12) species of scattered trees on cropland, twenty-eight (28) woody species on grazing land, twenty-four (24) woody species on the live fence, and two (2) woody species on woodlots were planted and managed in the study area for several purposes. Except for woodlots, most woody species in traditional agroforestry were grouped under the Fabaceae family. Furthermore, most associated annual crops in home garden agroforestry were categorized under the Solanaceae family. Different tree management practices, such as branch pruning, coppicing, pollarding, and thinning, were undertaken by agroforestry practitioners to reduce negative interaction among components and maximize the overall products of the system.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

References
Agroforestry network. 2018. Scaling up agroforestry: potential challenges and barriers. Version: 1.0 June 2018. www.agroforestrynetwork.org
Alebachew M. 2012. Traditional agroforestry practices, opportunities, threats and research needs in the highlands of Oromia, Central Ethiopia. Intl Res J Agric Sci Soil Sci 2 (5): 194-206.
Amenu BT 2017. Home-garden agro-forestry practices and its contribution to rural livelihood in Dawro Zone Essera District. J Environ Earth Sci 7 (5): 88-92.
Bekele-Tesemma A, Tengnäs B. 2007. Useful trees and shrubs of Ethiopia: Identification, propagation, and management for 17 agroclimatic zones. RELMA in ICRAF Project, World Agroforestry Centre, Eastern Africa Region, Nirobi.
Dara Casey. 2022. Exploring alternatives. https://exploringalternatives.eu/category/about
Gebretsadik W, Weldemariam Z, Humnessa T, Adane H. 2018. Characterization of agroforestry practices and their socioeconomic role in selected Districts of Gurage Zone, Ethiopia. Intl J Res Agric For 5 (11): 30-40.
Gebrewahid Y, Abrehe S. 2019. Biodiversity conservation through indigenous agricultural practices: Woody species composition, density and diversity along an altitudinal gradient of Northern Ethiopia. Cogent Food Agric 5 (1): 1700744. DOI: 10.1080/23311932.2019.1700744.
Giday K, Debebe F, Raj AJ, Gebremeskel D. 2019. Studies on farmland woody species diversity and their socioeconomic importance in Northwestern Ethiopia. Trop Plan Res 6 (2): 241-249. DOI: 10.22271/tpr.2019.v6.i2.34.
Kebebew M. 2018. Diversity and management of useful homegardens plant species in Arba Minch Town, Southern Ethiopia: Implication for plant diversity conservation and food security. Intl J Econ Plants 5 (3): 137-148. DOI: 10.23910/IJEP/2018.5.3.0260.
Leakey RRB. 1996. Definition of agroforestry revisited. Agrofor Today 8 (1): 5-7.
Lundgren BO, Raintree JB. 1982. Sustained agroforestry. In: Nestel B (eds). Agricultural Research for Development: Potentials and Challenges in Asia: 37-49. The Hague, The Netherlands, ISNAR.
Nair PR. 1993. An Introduction to Agroforestry. Springer Science & Business Media, Germany. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-011-1608-4.
Nyaruai MA, Musingi JK, Wambua BN. 2018. The potential of agroforestry as an adaptation strategy to mitigate the impacts of climate change: A case study of Kiine Community, Kenya. Nusantara Biosci 10: 170-177. DOI: 10.13057/nusbiosci/n100307.
Sharma R. 2007. Traditional agroforestry in the eastern Himalayan region: Land management system supporting ecosystem services. Trop Ecol 48 (2): 189.
Tefera Y, Babu A, Bizuayehu B. 2019. Homegarden plant use and their traditional management practice in Bule Hora District, West Guji Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Agric Res Technol 21: 556168.
Tongco MDC. 2007. Purposive sampling as a tool for informant selection. Ethnobot. Res Appl 5: 147-158. DOI: 10.17348/era.5.0.147-158.
Yusuf H, Solomon T. 2019. Woody Plant Inventory and Its Management Practices in Traditional Agroforestry of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Region State, Ethiopia. Am J Environ Prot 8 (5): 94-103. DOI: 10.11648/j.ajep.20190805.11.