Morphological variation of plantain squirrel Callosciurus notatus (Boddaert, 1785) (Rodentia: Sciuridae) population in West Sumatra, Indonesia




Abstract. Tjong DH, Sari RM, Roesma DI. 2020. Morphological variation of plantain squirrel Callosciurus notatus (Boddaert, 1785) (Rodentia: Sciuridae) population in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Asian J For 21: 54-60. A study about the morphological variation of plantain squirrel among several populations in West Sumatra has been done in West Sumatra. There were 38 specimens of C. notatus collected from Padang, Lubuk Basung, Sangir, and Baso by using a survey and direct collection method. The morphometric measurement was conducted in the Laboratory of Genetic and Biomolecular, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University. Morphological measurement data based on 21 external characters and 35 skull characters were analyzed by the Kruskall Wallis test, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), and Unweighted Pair Group Method Arithmetic Average (UPGMA). The result showed that there was morphological variation in ten body characters and nine skull characters. It is necessary to do further research to determine what environmental factors specifically influence certain morphological characters.


Andrews, C. A. 2010. Natural Selection, Genetic Drift, and Gene Flow Do Not Act in Isolation in Natural Populations. Nature Education Knowledge. Vol. 3(10): 5.
Anwar, S., J. Damanik, N. Hisyam dan A. J. Whitten. 1984. Ekologi Ekosistem Sumatera. Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.
Barrett, R. D. H. and D. Schluter. 2008. Adaptation from standing genetic variation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. Vol.23(1): 38-44.
Colombijn, F. 2005. A Moving History of Middle Sumatra, 1600–1870. Modern Asian Studies. Vol. 39(1): 1-38.
Duckworth, J.W., Lee, B. and Tizard, R.J. 2008. Callosciurus notatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T3600A9971096.[11 January 2016].
Endo, H., J. Kimura, T. Oshida, B. J. Stafford, W. Rerkamnuaychoke, T. Nishida, M. Sasaki, A. Hayashida and Y. Hayashi. 2003. Geographical Variation of Skull Morphology and Its Functional Significances in the Red-Cheeked Squirrel. J. Vet. Med. Sci . Vol. 65(11): 1179-1183.
Francis, C. M. 2008. A Field Guide to The Mammals of Thailand and South-East Asia. Asia Book Co., Ltd. Thailand.
Hansson, L. and H. Henttonen. 1988. Rodent Dynamics as Community Processes. Tree. Vol. 3(8): 195-200.
Hayashida, A., H. Endo, M. Sasaki, T. Oshida, J. Kimura, S. Waengsothorn, N. Kitamura and J. Yamada. 2007. Geographical Variation in Skull Morphology of Gray-bellied Squirrel Callosciurus caniceps. J. Vet. Med. Sci. Vol. 69(2): 149-157.
Kramm, K. R., D. E. Maki and J. M. Glime. 1975. Variation within and among Populations of Red Squirrel in the Lake Superior Region. Journal of Mammalogy. Vol. 56 (1): 258-262.
Martoyo, I., Maharadatunkamsi dan A. Suyanto. 2002. Morphological Variation And Status of The Plantain Squirrel Callosciurus notatus (Boddaert, 1785) In Indonesia. Treubia. Vol. 32(1): 39-61.
Moncrief, N. D. 1993. Geographic Variation in Fox Squirrels (Sciurus niger) and Gray Squirrels (S. carolinensis) of the Lower Mississippi River Valley. Journal of Mammalogy. Vol.74(3): 547-576.
Payne, J., C. M. Francis, K. Phillipps dan S. N. Kartikasari. 2000. Panduan Lapangan Mammalia di Kalimantan, Sabah, Sarawak & Brunei Darussalam. Prima Centra Indonesia. Jakarta.
Pizzimenti, J. J. and R. D. Salle 1980. Dietary and Morphometric Variation in Some Peruvian Rodent Communities: the Effect of Feeding Strategy on Evolution. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Vol. 13(4): 263-285.
Reece, J. B., L.A. Urry, M.I. Cain, S. A. Wasserman, P. V. Minorsky and R. B. Jackson. 2011. Campbell Biology 9th Edition. Pearson Education Inc., San Francisco, CA.
Saiful, A. A and M. Nordin. 2004. Diversity and Density of Diurnal Squirrels in a Primary Hill Dipterocarp Forest, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Ecology. Vol. 20(1): 45-49.
Song, L., Y. Fa-Hong and L. Xue-Fei. 2012. Cranial Morphometric Study of Four Giant Flying Squirrels (Petaurista) (Rodentia: Sciuridae) from China. Zoological Research. Vol. 33(2): 119-126.
Tamura, N. and H. Yong. 1993. Vocalizations in Response to Predators in Three Species Of Malaysian Callosciurus (Sciuridae). Journal of Mammalogy. Vol. 74(3): 703-714.
Velhagen, W. A. and V. L. Roth. 1997. Scaling of the Mandible in Squirrels. Journal of Morphology. Vol. 232(2):107–132.
Yu, F. 2002. Systematics and Biogeography of Flying Squirrels in The Eastern and The Western Trans-Himalayas. Dissertation. The University Of Florida. Florida.