Plant species diversity and crown cover response to regeneration composition in community managed forest




Abstract. Ghimire P, Lamichhane U. 2020. Plant species diversity and crown cover response to regeneration composition in community-managed forest. Asian J For 5: 36-41. The study was carried out to assess plant species diversity and crown cover response to regeneration composition in Nawalpur Saraswati (Basamadi) Community Forest of Hetauda Municipality of Makawanpur District, Nepal in November 2020 to December 2020. A stratified random sampling method with a total of 94 sample plots was laid out for the study. Altogether 44 species belonging to 26 families were recorded in the study site, of which 23 species were represented in tree category, 14 in shrub, and 7 in herb category. Both Shannon Weiner and Simpson's diversity index indicated good floral species diversity in the study area. The forest was dominated by Shorea robusta with 396 stem ha-1, followed by Terminalia bellerica 29 stem ha-1, Lagerstroemia parviflora 25 stem ha-1, and Terminalia tomentosa (syn. Terminalia elliptica) 21 stem ha-1 respectively. Both seedling and sapling were found in good number with seedlings 11,583 number ha-1and for seedlings it was recorded 1,896 number ha-1. Both seedling and sapling density was recorded higher in open crown coverage (seedlings=32625 number ha-1; saplings=5033 number ha-1) than in close crown coverage (seedlings=13,708 number ha-1; saplings=2,550 number ha-1). Therefore, the study concluded that crown opening facilitates growth and development of regeneration density in Shorea robusta and its associated forests. Furthermore, the information generated could be useful to predict future trends in species composition and stand structure in order to optimize the possible forest management strategies.


Awasthi A, Bhandari SK, Khanal Y. 2015. Does scientific forest management promote plant species diversity and regeneration in sal (Shorea robusta) forest? A case study from Lumbini collaborative forest, Rupandehi, Nepal. Banko Jankari
Baral S, Ghimire P. 2020. Effect of tree canopy opening in the regeneration layer of Terai Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn.) forest in Western Nepal: A case study. Tropical Plant Research 7(2): 502–507.
Bharali S, Paul A, Khan ML, Singha LB. 2012. Impact of altitude on population structure and regeneration status of two Rhododendron species in a temperate broad leaved forest of Arunachal Pradesh, India. International Journal of Ecosystem 2:19-27.
CBD 2010. "Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, including Aichi Biodiversity Targets". Convention on Biological Diversity. Online Available online on: Retrieved 17 October 2020
Chalise P, Paneru YR, Ghimire SK. 2018. Floristic diversity of vascular plants in Gyasumbdo valley, lower Manang, Central Nepal. Journal of Plant Resources 17(1): 42- 57.
Chauhan PS, Negi JDS, Singh L, Manhas RK. 2008. Regeneration status of sal forests of Doon valley. Annals of Forestry 16:178-182.
Cook JG, Stutzman TW, Bowers CW, Brenner KA, Irwin LL. 1995. Spherical Densiometers Produce Biased Estimates of Forest Canopy Cover. Wildlife Society Bulletin 4 :711– 717.
Dhakal RR, Kafle G, Yadava JN. 2011. Comparative assessment of floristic diversity in a buffer zone community forest and a community forest of Barandabhar Corridor, Chitwan, Nepal. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 3(8): 44-250.
DoF. 2004. Community Forestry Resource Inventory Guideline. Department of Forest (DoF), Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Ganey JL, Block WM. 1994. A comparison of two techniques for measuring canopy closure. West. J App. For 1: 21– 23.
Gautam KH. 2001. Lopping Regimes in Community Managed Sal (S. robusta) Forests of Nepal: Prospects for Multiple Product Silviculture for Community Forestry. Ph.D. dissertation, School of Forestry, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Gautam KH, Devoe NN. 2006. Ecological and anthropogenic niches of Sal (Shorea robusta Gaertn. f.) forest and prospects for multiple-product forest management: a review. Forestry 79(1).
Ghimire P. 2019. Landscape Level Efforts to Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal: A Review of Current Approach and Lessons Learned. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources 2(3): 16-24.
Ghimire P, Lamichhane U. 2020. Community Based Forest Management in Nepal: Current Status, Successes and Challenges. Grassroots Journal of Natural Resources 3(2): 16-29.
Gilmour DA. 2016. Forty Years of Community-Based Forestry: A Review of Its Extent and Effectiveness; Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO): Rome, Italy, ISBN 978-92-5-109095-4.
Mishra BK, Garkoti SC. 2014. Species Diversity and Regeneration Status in Sabaiya Collaborative Forest, Nepal. In Raju N. (Eds) Geostatistical and Geospatial Approaches for the Characterization of Natural Resources in the Environment. Springer, Cham.
MoFSC. 2014. Nepal Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan: 2014-2020. Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Singhdurbar, Kathmandu.
Napit R. 2015. Species diversity, forest community structure and regeneration in Banke National Park, Nepal. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology 16:17-30.
NSBCFUG. 2015. Operational Plan of Nawalpur-Saraswati (Basamadi) Community Forest. Nawalpur-Saraswati (Basamadi) Community Forest User Group, Makawanpur district, Nepal.
Pandey SK, Shukla RP. 2003. Plant diversity in managed Sal Shorea robusta Gaertn. Forests of Gorakhpur, India, species composition, regeneration and conservation. Biodiversity Conservation 12: 2295–2319.
Paudyal BK. 2011. Regeneration, plant diversity and growth of hill Sal (S. robusta) in community forests (A case study from Lamidanda Community Forest from Tanahu). Natural Resources Management: Reviews and Research in the Himalayan Watersheds (Special publication of NUFU HIMUNET project). Institute of Forestry. pp. 82–90.
Paudyal B. (2016). Regeneration, growth of Hill Sal and plant diversity in Community Forest: A case study from Pragatisil Community Forest in Kaski District, Western Nepal. Banko Janakari 23(2): 37-43.
Sapkota IP, Oden PC. 2009. "Gap characteristics and their effects on regeneration, dominance and early growth of woody species," Journal of Plant Ecology 2(1): 21-29, 2009.
Shannon CE, Wiener W. 1963. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois Press, Urbana.
Shrestha BB. 2005. Fuelwood harvest management and regeneration of two community forests in central Nepal. Himalayan Journal of Science. 3 (5): 75–80.
Shrestha UB, Shrestha BB, Shrestha S. 2010. Biodiversity conservation in community forests of Nepal: Rhetoric and reality. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 2 (5): 98-104.
Simpson EH. 1949. Measurement of Diversity. Nature 163 (4148): 688688.
Singh JS, Singh SP. 1992. Forests of Himalaya: Structure, functioning and impact of man. Gyanodaya Publication, Nainital, India, ISBN: 8185097259.
Simpson MG. 2006. Plant Systematics. Bulington, VT: Elsevier Academy Press.
Zhang Y, Zheng ZH, Zhang ZX. 2007. Community structure and regeneration types of Betula dahurica forest in Badaling forest center of Beijing. Forestry Studies in China 9:152-156.
Zollner PA, Crane KJ. 2003. Influence of canopy closure and shrub coverage on travel along coarse woody debris by eastern chipmunks (Tamias striatus). Am. Midl.Nat 150: 151–157.