Quantitative evaluation of biological spectrum and phenological pattern of vegetation of a sacred grove of West Midnapore District, Eastern India

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UDAY KUMAR SEN
RAM KUMAR BHAKAT
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5248-9229

Abstract

Abstract. Sen UK, Bhakat RK. 2021. Quantitative evaluation of biological spectrum and phenological pattern of vegetation of a sacred grove of West Midnapore District, Eastern India. Asian J For 5: 83-100. Sacred groves, small forests patches devoted to deities and ancestral spirits, are classic examples of community-based, culturally aware, natural resource management. To indigenous groups that care for them, display rich biodiversity, and provide ecological services to local groups that have sustained the environment over the years, sacred groves have cultural and spiritual significance. This studied sacred forest hosts 312 plant species belonging to 257 genera under 78 families of 34 orders according to APG IV. Poales, 73, 23.40% and Poaceae, 48, 15.38% were the dominant order and family. Therophytes, cryptophytes and chamaephytes constitute a higher percentage 16.81%, 3.62% and 3.18% respectively than the normal spectrum exhibiting “thero-crypto-chamaephytic” phytoclimate. Leaf size spectra showed that the plant with leptophyll, 83, 26.60% and ovate, 59, 18.91% type's leaf lamina were dominant. The findings may have a heuristic value in developing future monitoring schemes and assessing the effects of global change in this varied but poorly studied area.

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