Photo-physiology of healthy-looking and diseased/health-compromised hard corals from Mauritius Island, Western Indian Ocean




Abstract. Jogee SY, Jeetun S, Ricot M, Taleb-Hossenkhan N, Mattan-Moorgawa S, Kaullysing D, Riemann P, Blanc L, Casareto BE, Suzuki Y, Bhagooli R. 2023. Photo-physiology of healthy-looking and diseased/health-compromised hard corals from Mauritius Island, Western Indian Ocean. Indo Pac J Ocean Life 7: 27-37. The spatial photo-physiological responses of in hospite zooxanthellae in hard corals, including coenosarc and polyps, healthy-looking and affected parts in four coral diseases, namely Brown Band, Black Band, Skeletal Eroding Band and White Band on the coral Acropora muricata, and two health-compromised conditions such as the Pink Pigmentation Response and its differentiated morphology, the Pink Line Syndrome, on the coral Porites were investigated using the Imaging-PAM fluorometry. A significantly lower Fv/Fm was observed in case of Black Band, White Band, Brown Band and Pink Pigmentation Response affected parts compared to the healthy-looking parts. The Fv/Fm had the highest decline in Brown Band disease. Both the polyps and coenosarc had significantly lower Fv/Fm in White Band and Brown Band diseased parts compared to their healthy-looking parts. The rETRmax did not change significantly between diseased/health-comprised parts and healthy-looking parts. NPQmax declined significantly in White Band, Black Band and Pink Pigmentation Response cases. ? and ? generally did not tend to be affected in diseased/health-compromised conditions. The photo-physiology of in hospite zooxanthellae was least affected in Pink Line Syndrome. These findings suggest that diseased/health-compromised parts of corals behave differently in terms of their photo-physiology in different diseased and health-compromised coral conditions in important reef-building corals species such as A. muricata and Porites species, with important implications for the productivity and thus adaptive management of coral reefs in a globally warming ocean.



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