Guidance for Authors
Manuscript submission. The journal only accepts online submissions, through open journal system. The manuscript must be accompanied by a cover letter containing the article title, the first name and last name of all the authors, a paragraph describing the claimed novelty of the findings versus current knowledge; and a list of five suggested international reviewers (title, name, postage address, email address). Reviewers must not be subject to a conflict of interest involving the author(s) or manuscript(s). The editor is not obligated to use any reviewer suggested by the author(s).
Submission of a manuscript implies that the submitted work has not been published before (except as part of a thesis or report, or abstract), and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. When a manuscript was written by a group, all authors should read and approve the final version of the submitted manuscript and its revision; and agree on the submission of manuscripts for this journal. All authors should have made substantial contributions to the concept and design of the research, acquisition of the data and its analysis; drafting of the manuscript and correcting of the revision. All authors must be responsible for the quality, accuracy, and ethics of the work.
Preparing the manuscript. Please make sure before submitting that: The manuscript is proofread several times by the author(s), and is criticized by some colleagues. The language is revised by a professional science editor or a native English speaker. The structure of the manuscript follows the guidelines (sections, references, quality of the figures, etc). Abstract provides a clear view of the content of the paper and attracts potential citers. The number of cited references complies with the limits set by this journal (around 20 for research papers).
All manuscripts must be written in clear and grammatically correct English (U.S.).
The manuscript should be as short as possible, with an abstract of 200 words. Manuscript of original research should be written in no more than 8,000 words (including tables and figures), or proportional to articles in this publication number. The review articles will be accommodated, while, short communication should be written in about 2,500 words, except for pre-study (can longer). For a research paper, the manuscript should be arranged in the following sections and appear in order: Title, Abstract, Keywords (arranged from A to Z), Running title (heading), Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, and References. For reviews and short communications, it is accommodated.
The manuscript is typed on white paper of A4 (210x297 mm2) size, in a single column, single spaced, 10-point (10 pt) Times New Roman font. The margin text is 3 cm from the top, 2 cm from the bottom, and 1.8 cm from the left and right. Smaller lettering sizes can be applied in presenting tables and figures (9 pt). Word processing programs or additional software can be used. However, it must be PC-compatible and Microsoft Word based (.doc or .rtf; not .docx). Scientific names of species (incl. subspecies, variety, etc.) should be written in italics, except for italic sentences. Scientific names (genera, species, author), and cultivars or strains should be mentioned completely for the first time mentioning it in the body text, especially for taxonomic manuscripts. Name of genera can be shortened after first mention, except for generating confusion. Name of the author can be eliminated after first mention. For example, Rhizopus oryzae L. UICC 524, hereinafter can be written as R. oryzae UICC 524. Using trivial names should be avoided, otherwise generating confusion. Biochemical and chemical nomenclature should follow the order of the IUPAC - IUB. For DNA sequences, it is better to use Courier New font. Symbols of standard chemicals and abbreviations of chemistry names can be applied for common and clear use, for example, completely written butyric hydroxytoluene (BHT) to be BHT hereinafter. Metric measurement use IS denomination, and usage another system should follow the value of equivalent with the denomination of IS first mentioned. Abbreviations set off, like g, mg, mL, etc. do not follow by dot. Minus index (m-2, L-1, h-1) suggested being used, except in things like "per-plant" or "per-plot". The equation of mathematics does not always can be written down in one column with text, in that case, can be written separately. Number one to ten is expressed with words, except if it relates to measurement, while values above them are written in number, except in early sentences. The fraction should be expressed in decimal. In the text, it should be used "%" rather than "percent". Avoid expressing ideas with complicated sentences and verbiage, and used an efficient and effective sentence.
The title of the article should be written in compact, clear, and informative sentences, preferably not more than 20 words. Name of author(s) should be completely written, especially for the first and the last name. Name and institution address should also be completely written with street name and number (location), postal code, telephone number (O), facsimile number (O), and personal email address. For Indonesian universities, we use local names. The mention of "strata” program, should be avoided. Manuscript written by a group, author for correspondence along with address is required (marked with "♥"). Manuscript written by a group, author for correspondence along with address is required. The title page (first page) should include title of the article, full name(s), institution(s) and address(es) of the author(s); the corresponding authors detailed postage and e-mail addresses, and phone and fax numbers.
Abstract A concise abstract is required (about 200 words). The abstract should be informative and state briefly the aim of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, thus it must be able to stand alone (completely self-explanatory). References should not be cited, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential, they must be defined at their first mention.
Keywords are about five words, covering scientific and local names (if any), research themes, and special methods used; and sorted from A to Z.
Abbreviations (if any): All important abbreviations must be defined at their first mention there. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
Running title is about five words.
The introduction is about 600 words, covering the aims of the research and providing an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Materials and Methods should emphasize the procedures and data analysis.
Results and Discussion should be written as a series of connecting sentences, however, for a manuscript with long discussion should be divided into subtitles. Thorough discussion represents the causal effect mainly explains why and how the results of the research were taken place, and do not only re-express the mentioned results in the form of sentences.
Concluding sentence should be given at the end of the discussion.
Acknowledgments are expressed in a brief; all sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the work must be fully acknowledged, and any potential conflicts of interest are noted.
Figures and Tables of a maximum of three pages should be clearly presented. The title of a picture is written down below the picture, while the title of a table is written above the table. Colored figures can only be accepted if the information in the manuscript can lose without those images; the chart is preferred to use black and white images. The author could consign any picture or photo for the front cover, although it does not print in the manuscript. All image properties of others should be mentioned in the source. The author is suggested referring to Wikipedia for international boundaries and Google Earth for satellite imagery. If not specifically mentioned, it is assumed to refer to these sources. There is no appendix, all data or data analysis is incorporated into Results and Discussions. For broad data, it can be displayed on the website as a supplement. Tables should be numbered consecutively and accompanied by a title at the top. Illustrations Do not use figures that duplicate matter in tables. Figures can be supplied in digital format, or photographs and drawings, which can be ready for reproduction. Label each figure with figure number consecutively.
References. Author-year citations are required. In the text give the author's name followed by the year of publication and arrange from oldest to newest and from A to Z. In citing an article written by two authors, both of them should be mentioned, however, for three and more authors only the first author is mentioned followed by et al., for example: Saharjo and Nurhayati (2006) or (Boonkerd 2003a, b, c; Sugiyarto 2004; El-Bana and Nijs 2005; Balagadde et al. 2008; Webb et al. 2008). Extent citation as shown with word "cit" should be avoided. Reference to unpublished data and personal communication should not appear in the list but should be cited in the text only (e.g., Rifai MA 2007, pers. com. (personal communication); Setyawan AD 2007, unpublished data). In the reference list, the references should be listed in alphabetical order (better, if only 20 for research papers). Names of journals should be abbreviated. Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal's name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations (www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php).
The following examples are for guidance.
Saharjo BH, Nurhayati AD. 2006. Domination and composition structure change at hemic peat natural regeneration following burning; a case study in Pelalawan, Riau Province. Biodiversitas 7: 154-158. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d070213.
The usage of "et al." in long author lists will also be accepted:
Smith J, Jones M Jr, Houghton L et al. 1999. Future of health insurance. N Engl J Med 965: 325-329. DOI: 10.10007/s002149800025.
Article by DOI:
Slifka MK, Whitton JL. 2000. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. DOI: 10.1007/s001090000086.
Rai MK, Carpinella C. 2006. Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
Webb CO, Cannon CH, Davies SJ. 2008. Ecological organization, biogeography, and the phylogenetic structure of rain forest tree communities. In: Carson W, Schnitzer S (eds). Tropical Forest Community Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell, New York.
Assaeed AM. 2007. Seed production and dispersal of Rhazya stricta. The 50th Annual Symposium of the International Association for Vegetation Science, Swansea, UK, 23-27 July 2007.
Alikodra HS. 2000. Biodiversity for the development of local autonomous government. In: Setyawan AD, Sutarno (eds). Toward Mount Lawu National Park; Proceeding of National Seminary and Workshop on Biodiversity Conservation to Protect and Save Germplasm in Java Island. Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, 17-20 July 2000. [Indonesian]
Sugiyarto. 2004. Soil Macro-invertebrates Diversity and Inter-cropping Plants Productivity in Agroforestry System based on Sengon. [Dissertation]. Brawijaya University, Malang. [Indonesian]
Balagadde FK, Song H, Ozaki J, Collins CH, Barnet M, Arnold FH, Quake SR, You L. 2008. A synthetic Escherichia coli predator-prey ecosystem. Mol Syst Biol 4: 187. DOI: 10.1038/msb.2008.24. www.molecularsystemsbiology.com
Uncorrected proofs will be sent to the corresponding author by email as .doc or .rtf (not .docx) files for checking and correcting typographical errors. To avoid delay in publication, corrected proofs should be returned within 7 days. The accepted papers will be published online in chronological order at any time, but printed at the end of each year.