Varandi HB, Kalashian M, Barari H, Rezaei Taleshi SA. 2018. The diversity of wood-boring beetles caught by different traps in northern forests of Iran. Trop Drylands 2: 65-74. Efficacy of trap types is an important factor for sampling, faunistic survey, evaluation of the population density, seasonal dynamic and monitoring of wood-boring beetles. In the present research, the diversity of Wood-boring beetles (i.e., Buprestidae and Cerambycidae) was studied by using different types of trap (window trap, color pan trap, color sticky trap and Malaise trap) in northern forests of Iran (Mazandaran Province, Iran). Different types of traps employed in five study areas, collected a total of 3120 beetles belonging to 55 species (29 Buprestidae and 26 Cerambycidae). The majority of captured specimens were buprestid beetles (79.87%), while only one-fifth of the specimens were Cerambycidae (20.13%). All of the collected beetle specimens were identified to species's level. One genus (Agrilus spp) and the following five species were the dominant species: Acmaeodera rufoguttata Reitter, Anthaxia hyrcana Kiesenwatter et Kirsch, Anthaxia intermedia Obenberger, Chrysobothris affinis (Fabricius) and Stenoprerus rufus (Linnaeus).