Ethical Guidelines

Tropical Drylands has agreed to follow the ethical standards as determined by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) as well as International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Author(s) must obedient and pay attention to the authorship, plagiarism, duplicate (redundant) publication, fabrication of data, manipulation of citation, as well as ethical approval and Intelectual Property Rights.


An author is a person who participated in the research and sufficient for taking public responsibility for all portions of the content. When authorship is attributed to a group, all authors should have made substantial contributions to the following: (i) conception and design of the research, acquisition of the data, analysis and interpretation of the data; (ii) drafting of the manuscript and its revision; and (iii) final approval of the version to be submitted. Manuscript submission implies that all authors have read and approved the final version of the manuscript, and agree to the manuscript submission to this journal. All authors must be responsible for the quality, accuracy, and ethics of the research. 


Plagiarism is the practice of taking someone else's work or ideas and passing them off as one's own. Submitted manuscripts should be the original works of the author(s).

Duplicate (redundant) publication

Duplicate publication is the publication of paper that overlaps substantially with one already published, without clear, visible reference to the previous publication. Manuscript submissions will be considered for publication only if they are submitted solely to this journal and do not overlap substantially with a published article. Any manuscript that has (near) similar hypothesis, sample characteristics, methodology, results, and conclusions to a published article is a duplicate article and is prohibited, even if it is published in different languages. The slicing of data from a "single research" to make some individuals manuscript whithout substantial differences should be avoided.

Fabrication of data

Fabrication, manipulation or falsification of data is an ethical violation and is prohibited.

Citations manipulation

The only relevant citations are used in the manuscripts. Irrelevant (self) citation to increase author(s)'s citation (h-index) or unnecessary citation to improve the references are not allowed.

Ethics approval

Experiments held on human and animals must obtain permission from the official agencies and does not violate the law. Human or animal-related experiments should be published in "Materials and Methods", then examined and got approved by professionals from the side of moral aspect. Research on human beings must comply with the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki and its recommendations guiding physicians in biomedical research involving human subjects. Human details may be included only if they are essential for scientific purposes and the author(s) obtain written permission from the individual, parent or guardian.

Intellectual Property Right

Author(s) must obedient to the law and/or ethics in treating the object of research and pay attention to the legality of material sources and intellectual property rights.

Conflict of interest and source of funding

Author(s) requires to acknowledge all sources of institutional, private and corporate financial support for the research within the manuscript and notes any potential conflicts of interest.