Abstract. Kuria EK, Machuka J, Runo S. 2019. Maize bioengineering with c-repeat binding factor 1 (CBF1) as a technique for desiccation toleration. Trop Drylands 3: 1-10. Africa is a desiccation inclined continent leading to riskful cultivation particularly to small-scale cultivators who rely on rain-fed agriculture. Maize is the most widely cultivated main crop in Africa with more than 300 million people relying on it as their principal dietdiet fount. Desiccation causes crop fiasco, famine and poverty and this is being aggravated by climate change. There is therefore an obligation to flourish desiccation tolerablish maize. Traditional propagation techniques have been implementedcarried out in the establishment of desiccation tolerablish plants but are restricted by their requirement for labour, time and space, suggesting a limited genetic diversity within genotypes and transition of undesired traits along with the wanted ones. These restrictions are handled by utilizing these techniques along with bioengineering. Desiccation triggers a range of physiological and biochemical reactions in plants at cellular and molecular levels. These reactions include initiation of genes with several usefulness. Plant alteration for expanded desiccation toleration is generally based on the administration of either transcription and/or signaling factors or genes that directly secure plant cells contra water shortage. C-repeat binding factor (CBF) is a transcriptional factor that interacts with the desiccation responsive element (DRE), a cis-acting promoter element that governs gene expression in reaction to desiccation, brine and freezing stress. Over expression of these transcription factors, escalates stress toleration to freezing, desiccation and high brininess. In this study, three maize inbred lines and one hybrid were altered with CBF1 gene and appointed with mannose utilizing the Phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) gene. Genetic alteration was conducted through Agrobacterium tumefaciens and PCR was utilized to ascertain altered plants. Alteration frequency, alteration effectiveness and regeneration effectiveness were equated among the distinct genotypes altered. There were no remarkable dissimilarities in alteration frequency among the four maize genotypes. CML216 had the highest alteration effectiveness and regeneration effectiveness followed by A188. No alleged transgenic plants were regenerated from TL27 and A188×TL18 under the circumstances implemented on acount of their low regenerability. Further molecular analysis and desiccation stress tentatives on the expanded transgenic maize are significant prior to commercial release. Availability of desiccation tolerablish maize would bear a considerable positive collision contra famine particularly in Africa.