The behavior of catfish traders on the food safety perspective in Malang Markets, Indonesia




Abstract. Kartikanigsih H, Yahya, Setijawan D, Fathoni HI. 2022. The behavior of catfish traders on the food safety perspective in Malang Markets (Indonesia). Biodiversitas 23: 2270-2275. Catfish markets in Malang are supported by catfish farmers in Tulungagung regency, delivered every two days, and distributed to 37 catfish traders in 16 traditional Markets. The study aimed to understand the behavior of catfish traders in traditional markets in Malang City in terms of food safety. Our deep interviews regarding catfish disease showed that the understanding of catfish traders was the dead catfish (97.3%), the skin wound of catfish was not caused by bacteria (97.3%), unnecessary to separate unsold catfish from the new one (94.6%), not necessarily in water replacement at catfish shelter (87.5%), no sanitation of containers and equipment prior opening stalls (97.3%), no sanitizing containers and equipment with water and soap when closing stalls (18.9%) and using sanitizing work equipment to prevent bacteria contamination (0%). The guaranteed replacement of dead catfish from the supplier (100%), catfish trading knowledge from relatives (89%), elementary school background of catfish traders (81.1%), and no consumer complaints (94.6%) were fundamental things in the behavior of catfish traders in a food safety perspective. From the swab test of catfish, skin wounds were found Aeromonas hydrophila, Salmonella typhosa, and Proteus mirabilis.


Balbuena TS, Jo L, Pieruzzi FP, Dias LLC, Silveira V, Santa-Catarina C, Junqueira M, Thelen JJ, Shevchenko A, Floh EIS. 2011. Differential proteome analysis of mature and germinated embryos of Araucaria angustifolia. Phytochemistry. 72(4–5):302–311. doi:10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.12.007.
Biswas A, Dash G, Mali P, Joardar SN, Dey B, Roy A, Karmakar S. 2021. Histopathology of head kidney tissues in challenged rohu, Labeo rohita Hamilton after vaccinating with Aeromonas hydrophila antigens. Fish Shellfish Immunol Reports. 2:100025. doi:10.1016/j.fsirep.2021.100025.
Granum PE, O’Sullivan K, Tomás JM, Ørmen Ø. 1998. Possible virulence factors of Aeromonas spp. from food and water. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 21(2):131–137. doi:10.1016/S0928-8244(98)00041-8.
Igbinosa IH, Igumbor EU, Aghdasi F, Tom M, Okoh AI. 2012. Emerging Aeromonas species infections and their significance in public health. Sci World J. 2012. doi:10.1100/2012/625023.
John N, Vidyalakshmi VB, Hatha AAM. 2019. Effect of pH and Salinity on the Production of Extracellular Virulence Factors by Aeromonas from Food Sources. J Food Sci. 84(8):2250–2255. doi:10.1111/1750-3841.14729.
Kartikaningsih H, Yahya, Rohman FZ, Jaziri AA. 2020. Characteristics of Aeromonas hydrophila-infected Catfish (Clarias sp.). IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 493(1). doi:10.1088/1755-1315/493/1/012036.
Krovacek K, Baloda SB, Dumontet S, Eriksson E. 1995. Isolation, and Virulence Profiles, of Aeromonas hydrophila Implicated in an Outbreak of Food Poisoning in Sweden. Microbiol Immunol. 39(9):655–661. doi:10.1111/j.1348-0421.1995.tb03253.x.
Ku P-J, Lee K-A. 2000. A Survey on Dietary Habit and Nutritional Knowledge for Elementary School Children’s Nutritional Education. Korean J Diet Cult. 15(3):201–213.
Park SM, Kim HW, Choi C, Rhee MS. 2021. Pathogenicity and seasonal variation of Aeromonas hydrophila isolated from seafood and ready-to-eat sushi in South Korea. Food Res Int. 147(February):110484. doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2021.110484.
Verplanken B, Aarts H. 1999. Habit, Attitude, and Planned Behaviour: Is Habit an Empty Construct or an Interesting Case of Goal-directed Automaticity? Eur Rev Soc Psychol. 10(1):101–134.
Zhang Q, Shi G-Q, Tiang G-P, Zou Z-T, Yao G-H, Zeng G. 2012. A foodborne outbreak of Aeromonas hydrophila in a college, Xingyi City, Guizhou, China, 2012. West Pacific Surveill Response J. 3(4):39–43. doi:10.5365/wpsar.2012.3.4.018.