Ginger family from Bueng Kan Province, Thailand: Diversity, conservation status, and traditional uses




Abstract. Ragsasilp A, Saensouk P, Saensouk S. 2022. Ginger family from Bueng Kan Province, Thailand: Diversity, conservation status, and traditional uses. Biodiversitas 23: 2739-2753. The objective of this study was to determine the diversity, conservation status, and traditional uses of Zingiberaceae in Bueng Kan Province, Thailand. The family Zingiberaceae was collected during field surveys in Bueng Kan Province, northeastern Thailand between January and December 2021. Three tribes, 13 genera, and 67 species of Zingiberaceae were found. The genera with the highest diversity were Curcuma (12 species), Zingiber (11 species), Globba (10 species), Alpinia (eight species), Kaempferia (seven species), Amomum (six species), Caulokaempferia (four species), Boesenbergia (three species), Gagnepainia (two species), Etlingera (one species), Hedychium (one species), Meistera (one species) and Wurfbainia (one species). Bung Khla district was found to have the most diverse species in this family with 64 species. The family was discovered in five ecosystem types, deciduous dipterocarp forest (20 species), mixed deciduous forest (21 species), dry evergreen forest (20 species), river basin (two species), and cultivated in home gardens (24 species). There were 41 native species found (62.68%), while 16 species (23.88%) were recognized as being cultivated in home gardens. The highest phenology rate was recorded from March to September. Thirty-eight species were reported to have the conservation status as rare species. Twenty-eight species were recognized as common species. Nine species, namely Alpinia macrostaminodia, Amomum biphyllum, A. wandokthong, Globba laeta, Boesenbergia baimaii, Caulokaempferia jirawongsei, Ca. Phutonkensis, Ca. phuwoaensis and Ca. phulangkaensis were recorded as endemic species to Thailand. Moreover, A. macrostaminodia, A. biphyllum, A. monophyllum, C. jirawongsei, Ca. phutokensis, Ca. phuwoaensis and Curcuma pygmaea, were found only in Bueng Kan Province, Thailand. This study reported nine species to be rare plants in Bueng Kan Province. Twenty-nine species of the family Zingiberaceae from Bueng Kan Province were presented in IUCN (2022): CR (1 species), DD (9 species), EN (2 species) LC (16 species), NT (1 species). The Zingiberaceae in Bueng Kan Province had popular uses as food, spice, rituals, and ornamentals. For the medicinal use of Zingiberaceae in this study, they were in relation to flatulence, laxative, diuretic, stomachache, treatment of inguinal hernia, uterine involution, antipruritic, cosmetic, skin disease, carminative, antiflatulent, intoxication, and tonic. In Thailand, 42 species of Zingiberaceae are reported for the first time to have traditional uses. Therefore, the information on the diversity, conservation status, and traditional uses are important as biological resources of the Zingiberaceae in Bueng Kan Province, Thailand.


Boonma T, Saensouk S. 2019. Curcuma saraburiensis (Zingiberaceae), a new species from Thailand. Taiwania, 64(3): 245–248.
Boonma T, Saensouk S, Saensouk P. 2020a. Two new species of Kaempferia L. (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand. Taiwania 65(3): 371?381.
Boonma T, Saensouk S, Saensouk P. 2020b. Amomum foetidum (Zingiberaceae), a new species from Northeast Thailand. Taiwania 65(3): 364–370.
data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x313b301010e902f1:0x10100b25de45800!8m2!3d18.3609104!4d103.6464463?hl=en, 4 January 2022.
Chaveerach A, Mokkamul P, Sudmoon R, Tanee T. 2008. A New Species of Alpinia Roxb. (Zingiberaceae) from Northeastern Thailand. Taiwania 53(1): 1–5.
Chen J, Lindstrom JA, Xia N. 2015. Curcuma woodii (Zingiberaceae), a new species from Thailand. Phytotaxa 227 (1): 75–82.
Chuakul W, Boonpleng A. 2003. Ethno-medicinal uses of Thai Zingiberaceae plant. Thai journal of phytopharmacy, 10(1): 33–39.
Chumroenphat T and Saensouk S. 2022. Taxonomy, phytochemical and bioactive compounds and potential use as material with different drying methods of Alpinia latilabris Ridl. new record from Thailand. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca 50(1):12619.
Jenjittikul T, Larsen K. 2020. Two New Species of Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 64(1): 17–23.
Kew Science. 2022, World Checklist ofSelected Plant Families (WCSP), 2022.
Larsen K, Larsen S. S. 2006. Gingers of Thailand. Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, Chiamg Mai, Thailand.
Maknoi C, Sirirugsa P, Larsen K. 2011. Curcuma bella (Zingiberaceae), a new species from Thailand. Thai Journal of Botany 3(2): 121-124.
Mood JD, Veldkamp JF, Mandáková T, Prince LM, de Boer HJ. 2019. Three new species of Boesenbergia (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand and Lao P.D.R. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 71 (2): 477–498. Doi: 10.26492/gbs71(2).2019-15
Nopporncharoenkul N, Somnoo T, Tanming W, Maknoi C. 2021. Kaempferia jenjittikuliae
(Kaempferia Subg. Protanthium: Zingiberaceae), a new, endangered species endemic to Thailand. Edin
J Bot 78 (350): 1-13. DOI: 10.24823/EJB.2021.350.
Picheansoonthon C. 2011. Two New Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand. J. Jpn. Bot. 86(1): 1–8.
Pholhiamhan R, Saensouk S, Saensouk P. 2018. Ethnobotany of Phu Thai ethnic group in Nakhon Phanom Province, Thailand. Walailak JSci Technol15(10): 679–699. DOI: 10.48048/wjst.2018.3737
Phumthum M, Balslev H. 2020. Using ICPC-2 standard to identify Thai Zingiberaceae of pharmacological interest. Plants 9(7): 906. DOI:10.3390/plants9070906.
Saensouk S, Chantaranothai P. 2003. The family Zingiberaceae in Phu Phan National park. In: Proceedings of 3rd Symposium on the Family Zingiberaceae. pp. 16–25. Khon Kaen, Thailand.
Saensouk S, Larsen K. 2001. Boesenbergia baimaii, a new species of Zingiberaceae from Thailand. Nordic Journal Botany 21: 595-597.
Saensouk S, Jenjittikul T. 2001. Kaempferia grandifolia sp. nov. (Zingiberaceae) a new species from Thailand, Nordic J Bot. 21(2): 139–142. DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-1051.2001.tb01349x.
Saensouk and Larsen, 2001. Boesenbergia baimaii, a new species of Zingiberaceae from Thailand. Nordic J Bot. 21(6): 595-598.
Saensouk S, Saensouk P. 2014. Elettariopsis biphylla, a new species of Zingiberaceae from Thailand. Phytotaxa, 159(1): 23–25.
Saensouk S, Saensouk P. 2019. Kaempferia mahasarakhamensis sp. nov. (Zingiberaceae), a new species from Northeastern Thailand. Taiwania, 64(1): 39–42.
Saensouk S, Saensouk, P. 2020a. Boesenbergia isanensis (Zingiberaceae), a New Species from Thailand. J. Jpn. Bot. 95(2): 65-68.
Saensouk S, Saensouk, P. 2020b. Globba sirirugsae, a New Species of Zingiberaceae from Thailand. J. Jpn. Bot., 95(6): 328–333.
Saensouk P, Saensouk S. 2021a. Diversity and cytological studies on the genus Amomum Roxb. formerElettariopsis Baker (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand. Biodiversitas, 22(6): 3209–3218. DOI
Saensouk P, Saensouk S. 2021b. Diversity, traditional uses and conservation status of Zingiberaceae in Udorn ThaniProvince, Thailand. Biodiversitas, 22(8): 3083–3097.
Saensouk P, Saensouk S. 2021c. Taxonomy, Cytology and Palynology of Kaempferia pseudoparviflora (Zingiberaceae), A New and Rare Specie from Northern Thailand. Asian J. Plant Sci. 20: 414-420. DOI: 10.3923/ajps.2021.414.420
Saensouk S, Saensouk P, Pasorn P. Chantaranothai P. 2016. Diversity, Traditional Uses and New Record of Zingiberaceae in Nam Nao National Park, Petchabun Province, Thailand. Agriculture and Natural Resources 50: 445-453.
Saensouk S, Boonma T, Saensouk P. 2021a. Six new species and a new record of Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand. Biodiversitas 22(4): 1658–1685. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220410
Saensouk S, Boonma T, Thomudtha A, Thomudtha P, Saensouk P. 2021b. Curcuma wanenlueanga (Zingiberaceae), a new species of subgenus Curcuma from Thailand. Biodiversitas, 22(7): 2988–2994.
Saensouk S, Boonma T, Saensouk P. 2021c. A new species and a new record of Curcuma subgen. Curcuma (Zingiberaceae) from Northern Thailand. Biodiversitas 22(9): 3661-3670. DOI:10.13057/biodiv/d220904
Saensouk S, Saensouk P, Pasorn P, Chantaranothai P. 2016. Diversity and uses of Zingiberaceae in Nam Nao National Park, Chaiyaphum and Phetchabun provinces, Thailand, with a new record for Thailand. Agriculture and Natural Resources, 50: 445–453.
Sirirugsa P. 1992. Taxonomy of the genus Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand. Thai For. Bull. (Bot.), 19: 1–15.
Sirirugsa P. 1998. Thai Zingiberaceae: Species Diversity and Their Uses. International Conference on Biodiversity and Bioresources: Conservation and Utilization, 23–27 November 1997, Phuket, Thailand.
Soonthornkalump S, Ongsakul A, Dolaji A, Leong-Škorni?ková J. 2020. Curcuma papilionacea (Zingiberaceae), An Unusual New Species from southern Thailand. Phytotaxa 432(1): 11-16. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.432.1.2
Triboun P, Larsen K, Chantaranothai P. 2014. A key to the genus Zingiber (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand with descriptions of 10 new taxa. Thai Journal of Botany 6: 53–77.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>