The growth performance of Rhizophora apiculata using the cut-propagule method for mangrove rehabilitation in Indonesia

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

ANDI HURUL AUNI USMAN
ADISTI PERMATASARI PUTRI HARTOYO
CECEP KUSMANA

Abstract

Abstract. Usman AHA, Hartoyo APP, Kusmana C. 2022. The growth performance of Rhizophora apiculata using the cut-propagule method for mangrove rehabilitation in Indonesia. Biodiversitas 23: 6366-6378. A high decrease in the size of Indonesia's mangrove forests requires effective and efficient rehabilitation efforts. One of the efforts is using Rhizophora apiculata as the adaptive and fast-growing mangrove species and its cut-propagule seedling method for accelerating plant propagation. The objectives of this study were to analyze the growth performance of R. apiculata propagules with various treatments of propagule cutting, seedling media, and giving growth regulators (PGR), as well as to determine the best combination of treatment for the growth of R. apiculata. An experimental study was conducted in a greenhouse using a randomized design with 3 factors (propagule cutting, seedling media, and giving PGR) and 3 replications. The interaction of the combination of cut-propagule treatment, planting media, and growth regulator (AxBxC) only had a significant effect on the increase in the number of leaves of R. apiculata. Complete propagules and the lower part of cutting propagules with a combination of mud+sand seedling media and 10,000 ppm PGR (a0b1c1 and a2b1c1) resulted in the best value on the growth of R. apiculata. The cut-propagule seedling method of R. apiculata still showed good growth so it can be used as an alternative to mass vegetative reproduction in mangrove rehabilitation activity.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

References
Andarani T, Endah DH, Rini B. 2016. Changes in water quality and its relationship with seedling growth of Rhizophora mucronata Lamk. based on different observation time in Wanamina pond channel. Biology 5(1):72-81.
Anwar C. 2006. Fruit peak season prediction of four mangrove species based on phenology. JPHKA 3(3):237-247. DOI: 10.20886/jphka.2006.3.3.237-247
Bengen DG. 2001. Introduction and management of mangrove ecosystem. Center for the study of coastal and marine resources of the agricultural institute. Bogor, Bogor.
Budiadi, Nurjanto H H, Hardiwinoto S, Primananda E. 2016. Strategy for selection of plant types to support coastal rehabilitation based on macro physical characteristics in the estuary of the Progo river. JML 23(3):349-359. DOI: 10.22146/jml.18809
Castan E, Satti P, Gonzales PM, Iglesias MC, Mazzarino MJ. 2016. Managing the value of compost as organic amendment and fertilizers in sandy soils. Agric Ecosyst Environ 224:29-38. DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2016.03.016
Gemaputri A A. 2017. Description of the structure of mangrove rehabilitation land in Probolinggo Regency, East Java Province. INOVASI 12(2):118-125. DOI: 10.25047/jii.v12i2.333
Gunawan, Wijayanto N, Budi SW. 2019. Characteristics of soil chemical properties and soil fertility status of vegetables agroforestry based on Eucalyptus Sp.. JST 10(2):63-69. DOI: 10.29244/j-siltrop.10.2.63-69
Hakim N, Nyakpa MY, Lubis AM, Nugroho SG, Diha AM, Go Ban Hong, Bailey HH. 1986. Soil science fundamentals. Unila, Lampung.
Hanafiah K. 2009. Soil Science Fundamentals. Raja Grafindo Perkasa, Jakarta.
Herawati MS. 2015. Study of soil fertility status in Cocoa Land, Klain Village, Mayamuk District, Sorong Regency. Agrofor X edition:201-208
Heryati Y dan Agustarini R. 2018. The use of several kinds of media and shade levels to increase the growth of kilemo seeds (Litsea Cubeba L. Persoon). J Perbenihan Tanam Hutan 6(2):107-120. DOI: 10.20886/bptpth.2018.6.2.107-120
Hidayat T. 2016. Growth performance of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lamk. seedling from hypocotyl cuttings. [Thesis]. Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Hutahaean E, Kusmana C, Dewi HR. 1999. Study on the growth ability of mangrove saplings of Rhizophora mucronata, Bruguiera gimnorrhiza and Avicennia marina at various levels of salinity. Trop For Manag J 5(1):77-85.
Iswahyudi, Kusmana C, Hidayat A. 2019. Evaluation of land suitability for mangrove forest rehabilitation in Langsa City, Aceh. JMST 20(1):45-56. DOI: 10.33830/jmst.v20i1.89.2019
Kartasapoetra G, Kartasapoetra AG, Sutedjo MM. 2005. Soil & water conservation technology. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.
Kathiresan K. 2012. Importance of mangrove ecosystem. J Mar Sci 2(10): 70-89. DOI: 10.5376/ijms.2012.02.0010
Kasman, Astuti W. 2020. Study on mangrove rehabilitation planning in Kotabaru. Neoteknika. 6(1).
Komiyama A, Tanapermpool P, Havanond S, Maknual C, Patanaponpaiboon P, Sumida A, Ohnishi T, Kato S. 1998. Mortality and growth of cut pieces of viviparous mangrove (Rhizophora apiculata and R. mucronata) seedlings in the field condition. For Ecol Manag 112:227-231. DOI: 10.1016/S0378-1127(98)00345-4
Kuan-Hung LIN, Chun-Wei WU and Chang YS. 2019. Applying dickson quality index, chlorophyll fluorescence, and leaf area index for assessing plant quality of pentas lanceolata. Not Bot Horti Agrobot Cluj Napoca 47(1): 169-176. DOI: 10.15835/nbha47111312
Kusmana C, Hidayat T, Istomo, Rusdiana O. 2018. Growth performance of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza derived from cut-propagule seedling. Biodiversitas. 19(1):208-214. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d190128
Leilani I, Ladirman H, Saputra R. 2018. Ecological preference of soil texture to distribution of mangrove seedling species in the forest mangrove Teluk Buo, Padang-Sumatera Barat. Bioscience 2(1):86-92. DOI: 10.24036/020182110042-0-00
Lingga P. 1986. Instructions for use of fertilizer. PT. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.
Maia JD. 2021. Breaking seed dormancy with ultrafine bubbles technology and application of growing media to increase the vigor of sandalwood seeds (Santalum album L.) [Thesis]. Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Mulyani N, Kusmana C, Supriyanto. 1999. Study of application of Rhizophora mucronata cultivation techniques using hypocotyl cuttings. J Manaj Hutan Trop. 5(1):57-65.
Panjaitan LRH,Ginting J, Haryati. 2014. Growth response of various stem diameters of bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spectabilis willd.) cuttings to the administration of growth regulators. Agroteknologi 2(4):1384-1390. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/101393-ID-respons-pertumbuhan-berbagai-ukuran-diam.pdf.
Punuindoong S, Sinolungan MTM, Rondonuwu JJ. 2021. Study of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and organic c in sandy soil in coconut plantation in upper Ranoketang Village. Soil-Env 21(3):6-11.
Rahayu AAD, Wahyuni R. 2016. The effect of organic media as weaning media on the quality of sea bidara seeds (Strychnos lucida R. Brown). JPTH 10(1):1321. DOI: 10.20886/jpth.2016.10.1.13-22
Rahmat MH, Sufardi, Khalil M. 2016. Evaluation of fertility in several soil types in dry land, Pidie District, Aceh Province. JIMFP 1(1):147-154. DOI: 10.17969/jimfp.v1i1.950
Rahmanto BD. 2020. National mangrove map and mangrove status in Indonesia. Ministry of environment and forestry. Development for mangrove monitoring tools in Indonesia, Jakarta, 6 August 2020.
Rusdi R, Setyobudiandi I, Damar R. 2020. Study on the potential and sustainable management of the mangrove ecosystem of Pannikiang Island, Barru Regency, South Sulawesi. J ilmu teknol kelaut tropis 12(1):119-133. DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v12i1.26065
Salisu MA, Sulaiman Z, dan Samad MY. 2020. Growth and biomass yield of rubber seedlings grown on soilless and soil-based media. Bangladesh J Bot 49(2):229-236. DOI: 10.3329/bjb.v49i2.49296
Sani LH, Candri DA, Ahyadi H, Farista B. 2019. Natural mangrove vegetation structure and rehabilitation of the South Coast of Lombok Island. J Biol Tropis 19(2):268-276. DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v19i2.1363
Sari WK. 2013.Response of cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) seeds from somatic embryogenesis to different planting media compositions. J agribisnis dan pengemb wil 5(1):14-27.
Supangat AB, Supriyo H, Sudira P, Poedjirahajoe E. 2013. Status of soil fertility under stand Eucalyptus pellita F. Muell: Case Study at PT. Arara Abadi HPHTI, Riau. J.People Environ 20(1): 22-34
Suryawan A. 2017. Mangrove rehabilitation at Alo Beach (Karakelang Island, Talaud) using propagul Rhizopora mucronata Lamk. Wasian 4(2):69-78. DOI: 10.20886/jwas.v4i2.3048
Wairara S, Sianturi R. 2019. The potential of mangrove regeneration in Payum Beach, Merauke Regency. MFMJ 2(1):11-22. DOI: 10.35724/mfmj.v2i1.1869

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>