Diversity of edible plants traded in the East Jakarta traditional markets, Indonesia




Abstract. Afrianto WF, Hasanah LN, Metananda AA. 2023. Diversity of edible plants traded in the East Jakarta traditional markets, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 24: 6953-6968. Traditional markets provide limited assistance while facilitating transient or set-term direct retail interactions between buyers and sellers. Commodities traded in the traditional markets range from fresh produce, pantry, dairy, snacks, meat, fish, and wellness products. This study aimed to determine the ethnobotany of edible plant species in Indonesia's East Jakarta traditional markets. This study used an ethnobotanical approach qualitatively. The data were collected using purposive sampling, which included 157 sellers. This study found that 140 edible plant species (181 landraces) in the East Jakarta traditional markets belong to 50 plant families. Most plants were fruits (102 species), with herbs as the most dominant life form (90 species). Most edible plants must be cooked before consumption (40%) as vegetables (68 species). In addition, 166 species are cultivated, 8 are semi-cultivated, and 7 are wild-type plants. The edible plants observed in the traditional markets in this study are classified as highly available (79%) and can be found in all seasons (91%). The East Jakarta traditional markets have an essential role as a place of economic botany that can help balance the economy and conservation efforts. Consequently, traditional markets recreate an essential social-cultural function by combining cultural and biological diversity on a small scale.


Adnan A, Navia ZI, Silvia M, Antika M, Suwardi AB, Baihaqi B, Yakob M. 2022. Diversity of herbs and spices plants and their importance in traditional medicine in the South Aceh District, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 23 (7): 3836-3843. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d230761.
Afrianto WF, Hasanah LN, Prananditaputra R, Hidayatullah T, Wati SI, Aini YS, Budiyoko. 2023. Local knowledge and practice of entomophagy in Datengan Village, Kediri, East Java, Indonesia. Sriwijaya J Environ 7 (3): 148-155. DOI: 10.22135/sje.2022.7.3.148-155.
Afrianto WF, Hidayatullah T, Hasanah LN, Putra RP, Diannita R, Anggraini R. 2021b. Urban community engagement to reduce and prevent food waste at household level. Intl J Community Serv 1 (3): 261-271. DOI: 10.51601/ijcs.v1i3.45.
Afrianto WF, Putra RP, Aini YS. 2022. Overview of the ethnobotany on the use of plants as potential botanical pesticides in Indonesia. J Biol Trop 22 (1): 220-243. DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v22i1.3266.
Afrianto WF, Tamnge F, Hasanah LN. 2020. A relation between ethnobotany and bioprospecting of edible flower butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea) in Indonesia. Asian J Ethnobiol 3 (2): 51-61. DOI: 10.13057/asianjethnobiol/y030202.
Afrianto WF, Tamnge F, Hidayatullah T, Hasanah LN. 2021a. Local knowledge of plant-based nutrition sources from forgotten foods in Datengan Village, East Java, Indonesia. Asian J Ethnobiol 4 (1): 53-64. DOI: 10.13057/asianjethnobiol/y040106.
Aliyah I, Setioko B, Pradoto W. 2017. Spatial flexibility in cultural mapping of traditional market area in Surakarta (A case study of Pasar Gede in Surakarta). City Cult Soc 10: 41-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.ccs.2017.05.004.
Amrinanto AH, Hardinsyah H, Palupi E. 2019. The eating culture of the Sundanese: Does the traditional salad (Lalapan) improve vegetable intake and blood ?-carotene concentration? Future Food: J Food Agric Soc 7 (2): 1-10. DOI: 10.17170/kobra-20190709593.
Andriani MN, Ali MM. 2013. Kajian eksistensi pasar tradisional Kota Surakarta. Teknik Perencanaan Wilayah Kota 2 (2): 252-269. [Indonesian]
Asra R, Ihsan M, Andriani F, Silalahi M, Fijridiyanto IA, Maryani AT. 2023. Diversity of medicinal plants sold in the traditional markets in Jambi, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 24 (3): 1544-1550. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d240326.
Bhattacharjee P, Singhal RS, Kulkarni PR. 2002. Basmati rice: a review. Intl J Food Sci Technol 37 (1): 1-12. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2621.2002.00541.x.
Deanova AK, Pristiawati CM, Aprilia D, Solikah I, Nurcahyati M, Liza N, Himawan W, Partasasmita R, Setyawan AD. 2021. The diversity of edible plants traded in Ir. Soekarno Market, a traditional market in Sukoharjo District, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22 (9): 4095-4105. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220958.
Do?an Y, U?ulu ?, Durkan N. 2013. Wild edible plants sold in the local markets of Izmir, Turkey. Pak J Bot 45 (S1): 177-184.
Elfahmi, Woerdenbag HJ, Kayser O. 2014. Jamu: Indonesian traditional herbal medicine towards rational phytopharmacological use. J Herb Med 4 (2): 51-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.hermed.2014.01.002.
Franco FM, Chaw LL, Bakar N, Abas STNH. 2020. Socializing over fruits and vegetables: the biocultural importance of an open-air market in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei, Darussalam. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 16: 6. DOI: 10.1186/s13002-020-0356-6.
Gofur A, Wulandari I, Athoillah MF, Witjoro A, Lestari SR. 2019. Single clove garlic (Allium sativum) essential oil as an inhibitor of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Biosaintifika: J Biol Biol Educ 11 (1): 77-83. DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v11i1.13944.
Groner VP, Nicholas O, Mabhaudhi T, Slotow R, Akçakaya HR, Mace GM, Pearson RG. 2022. Climate change, land cover change, and overharvesting threaten a widely used medicinal plant in South Africa. Ecol Appl 32 (4): e2545. DOI: 10.1002/eap.2545.
Hapsari L, Fauziah, Trimanto. 2017. Morphology and molecular identification of local cultivars of pisang raja (Musa spp.) from Yogyakarta, Central Java and East Java, Indonesia. Proc Intl Conf Trop Plant Conserv Util. 18-20 May 2017.
Hernawati D, Putra RR, Meylani V. 2022. Indigenous vegetables consumed as lalapan by Sundanese ethnic group in West Java, Indonesia: Potential, traditions, local knowledge, and it's future. S Afr J Bot 151: 133-145. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2022.09.007.
Hilonga S, Otieno JN, Ghorbani A, Pereus D, Kocyan A, de Boer H. 2019. Trade of wild-harvested medicinal plant species in local markets of Tanzania and its implications for conservation. S Afr J Bot 122: 214-224. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2018.08.012.
Iskandar BS, Iskandar J, Irawan B, Partasasmita R. 2018. Traditional markets and diversity of edible plant trading: Case study in Ujung Berung, Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 19 (2): 437-452. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d190211.
Iskandar BS, Iskandar J, Mulyanto D, Alfian RL, Suroso S. 2021. Traditional market, social relations, and diversity of edible plants traded in Beringharjo Market, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22 (4): 2045-2057. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220453.
Iskandar BS, Iskandar J, Suroso, Alfian RL, Mulyanto D. 2022. Non-edible plants traded in traditional markets of Beringharjo, Yogyakarta and Pasar Baru, East Kalimantan, Indonesia: The role of biocultural system. Biodiversitas 23 (9): 4657-4669. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d230932.
Jalil M, Purwantoro A, Daryono BS, Kurniawan FY, Purnomo. 2021. Jamu kunir asem: ethnomedicine overview by Javanese herbal medicine formers in Yogyakarta. J Jamu Indones 6 (1): 8-15. DOI: 10.29244/jji.v6i1.211. [Indonesian]
Manzanero-Medina GI, Vásquez-Dávila MA, Lustre-Sánchez H, Pérez-Herrera A. 2020. Ethnobotany of food plants (quelites) sold in two traditional markets of Oaxaca, Mexico. S Afr J Bot 130: 215-223. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2020.01.002.
Meke GS, Mumba RF, Bwanali RJ, Williams VL. 2017. The trade and marketing of traditional medicines in southern and central Malawi. Intl J Sustain Dev World Ecol 24 (1): 73-87. DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2016.1171261.
Metananda AA, Afrianto WF, Hasanah LN, Aini YS, Noorfajria AS. 2023. Ethnobotanical study on plant leaves for food wrapping in traditional markets of Wonosobo District, Central Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 24 (7): 3803-3813. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d240718.
Minot N, Stringer R, Umberger WJ, Maghraby W. 2015. Urban shopping patterns in indonesia and their implications for small farmers. Bull Indones Econ Stud 51 (3): 375-388. DOI: 10.1080/00074918.2015.1104410.
Nahdi MS, Kurniawan AP. 2019. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in karst environment in Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Nusantara Biosci 11 (2): 133-141. DOI: 10.13057/nusbiosci/n110204.
Nurshillah C, Anggorowati D, Putri ER, Balgis M, Nurwulandari M, Murtiningsih M, Agustina N, Putri WP, Liza N, Himawan W, Setyawan AD. 2022. Diversity of edible plants traded in Legi Traditional Market, Surakarta, Indonesia. Asian J Ethnobiol 5 (1): 52-61. DOI: https: 10.13057/asianjethnobiol/y050106.
Septiani N, Hernawati D, Putra RR. 2020. Biodiversity of potentially "lalapan" vegetables in Kampung Adat Naga, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia. Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi 13 (2): 201-215. DOI: 10.21009/biosferjpb.v13n2.201-215. [Indonesian]
Silalahi M, Munthe TRM, Pardosi D. 2021. Diversity of alternative food plants traded in the Kranggan Mas Traditional Market, Bekasi District, West Java Province, Indonesia. GSC Biol Pharm Sci 17 (2): 049-056. DOI: 10.30574/gscbps.2021.17.2.0329.
Silalahi M, Purba EC, Abinawanto DW, Wahyuningtyas RS. 2021a. Ethnobotanical study of Zingiberaceae rhizomes as traditional medicine ingredients by medicinal plant traders in the Pancur Batu Traditional Market, North Sumatera, Indonesia. J Trop Ethnobiol 4 (2): 78-95. DOI: 10.46359/jte.v4i2.54.
Silalahi M, Walujo EB, Supriatna J, Mangunwardoyo W. 2015. The local knowledge of medicinal plants trader and diversity of medicinal plants in the Kabanjahe traditional market, North Sumatra, Indonesia. J Ethnopharmacol 175: 432-443.DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.09.009.
Uzun SP, Koca C. 2020. Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants traded in herbal markets of Kahramanmara?. Plant Divers 42 (6): 443-454. DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2020.12.003.
Vetter T, Nylandsted Larsen M, Bech Bruun T. 2019. Supermarket-led development and the neglect of traditional food value chains: Reflections on Indonesia's Agri-food system transformation. Sustainability 11 (2): 498. DOI: 10.3390/su11020498.
Vlkova M, Verner V, Kandakov A, Polesny Z, Karabaev N, Pawera L, Nadvornikova I, Banout J. 2015. Edible plants sold on marginal rural markets in Fergana Valley, Southern Kyrgyzstan. Bulg J Agric Sci 21 (2): 243-50.
Widyanti A, Sunaryo I, Kumalasari AD. 2014. Reducing the dependency on rice as staple food in Indonesia-A behavior intervention approach. J ISSAAS 20 (1): 93-103.
Yang SH, Panjaitan BP, Ujiie K, Wann JW, Chen D. 2021. Comparison of food values for consumers' preferences on imported fruits and vegetables within Japan, Taiwan, and Indonesia. Food Qual Preference 87: 104042. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2020.104042.
Zhang Y, Li JW, San MM, Whitney CW, San TT, Yang XF, Mon AM, Hein PP. 2020. The secret of health in daily cuisine: Typical healthy vegetables in local markets in central Myanmar. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 16 (1): 1-13. DOI: 10.1186/s13002-020-00425-w.