The relationship between crustacean diversity and population dynamics of Blood Cockle Tegillarca granosa in the coastal area of West Langsa, Aceh Province, Indonesia




Abstract. Mawardi, Sarong MA, Suhendrayatna, Irham M. 2024. The relationship between crustacean diversity and population dynamics of Blood Cockle Tegillarca granosa in the coastal area of West Langsa (Aceh Province, Indonesia). Biodiversitas 25: 690-699. Coastal areas serve as a transitional zone between land and sea, influenced by tidal fluctuations and river estuary currents. Coasts are ideal habitats for spawning and nurturing various crustaceans and bivalves. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the Shannon-Wiener diversity index of crustaceans and population dynamics of Tegillarca granosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (Arcidae, Bivalvia) in three different locations. The study utilized a survey method with sampling conducted using transects from the coastline towards the land in coastal areas covered with mangroves, employing transects measuring 5 meters by 5 meters. All samples collected at the study locations were fixed for identification. A total of 1,583 Crustacea individuals belonging to 17 species were sampled. The Shannon-Wiener diversity index of crustaceans ranged from 1.99 to 2.31, categorized as moderate. The highest number of individuals of T. granosa was in November, while the lowest number of individuals was recorded in July. Males of T. granosa were more dominant than females across all study sites. There was a positive correlation between the crustacean diversity index and T. granosa specimens, but a negative correlation with the crustacean dominance index. Seawater salinity, showed a positive correlation with crustacean diversity and the population dynamics of T. granosa.


Ahyong ST, Huang C. 2020. Colonization, Adaptation, Radiation, and Diversity in Fresh Water. In Evolution and Biogeography (pp. 303–330). DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190637842.003.0012
Azmi F, Mawardi AL, Sinaga S, Nurdin MS, Febri SP, Haser TF. 2022. Population dynamics of Anadara antiquata of East Coast of Aceh, Indonesia. Journal Biodiversitas 23 (1): 436-442. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d230145
Azwar E, Sularno S, waruwu FP, Tarigan MRIMA, Ulfa SW Djaingsastro AJ. 2023. Diversity of Penaeidae at the Mengkudu Bay Waters, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 24(3): 1376-1384. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d240306
Bahtiar B, Purnama MF, Kasim M, Ishak E. 2022. Population dynamics of blood clams Tegillarca granosa (Linnaeus, 1758) in Kendari Bay, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 23 (10): 5084-5092. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d231015.
Bahtiar, Fekri L, Ishak E, Permata Hati YI, Nur I. 2023. Morphometric study of blood cockle (Anadara granosa) in Kendari Bay, Southeast Sulawesi. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, (1221). DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/1221/1/012048
Benjamin ED, Handley SJ, Hale R, Toone TA, Jeffs A, Hillman JR. 2022. Biodiversity associated with restored small-scale mussel habitats has restoration decision implications. Biodiversity and Conservation, 31(11): 2833-2855. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-022-02462-1
Boyd CE, McNevin AA, Davis RP. 2022. The contribution of fisheries and aquaculture to the global protein supply. Food Security, 14(3): 805–827. DOI: 10.1007/s12571-021-01246-9
Buhadi YAESM, Kobari T, Kawai K, Yamamoto T, Suzuki H, Nishimura S, Veitayaki J. 2013. Food Availability for Particle-Feeding Bivalves, Anadara spp., in Fiji. Pacific Science, 67(4): 539–551. DOI: 10.2984/67.4.5
Cantonati, Poikane, Pringle, Stevens, Turak, Heino, Znachor. 2020. Characteristics, Main Impacts, and Stewardship of Natural and Artificial Freshwater Environments: Consequences for Biodiversity Conservation Water, 12(1): 260. DOI: 10.3390/w12010260
Dewiyanti I, Suryani D, Nurfadillah N. 2018. Community structure of crustacean in mangrove ecosystem rehabilitation in Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar district, Indonesia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (216): 01200. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/216/1/012001
Doinsing JW, Admodisastro VA, Duisan L, Ransangan J. 2021. Population dynamics and condition index of natural stock of blood cockle, Tegillarca granosa (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Arcidae) in the Marudu Bay, Malaysia. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 40(8): 89–97. DOI: 10.1007/s13131-021-1791-5
Dudgeon D. 2019. Multiple threats imperil freshwater biodiversity in the Anthropocene. Current Biology, 29(19): DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2019.08.002
Fankboner PV, Reid RGB. 1990. Nutrition in giant clams (Tridacnidae). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Ginantra IK, Muksin IK, Joni M, Wijaya IMS. 2023. Diversity and distribution of crustaceans in the mangrove forest of Nusa Lembongan, Bali, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 24 (8): 4533-4541. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d240834
Ginantra IK, Muksin IK, Joni M, Wijaya IMS. 2023. Diversity and distribution of crustaceans in the mangrove forest of Nusa Lembongan, Bali, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity 24(8). DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d240834
Ginantra IK, Muksin IK, Joni M. 2021. Crab diversity as support for ecotourism activities in Pejarakan Mangrove Forest, Buleleng, Bali, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22 (10): 4139-4145. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d221003.
Gondal MA, Iqbal S, Utique U, Saher NU, Qureshi NA, Mahboob S, Al-Ghanim KA, Al-Misned F. 2021. Linking fish and crustacean taxonomic composition with seasonal contrasts in the soft-bottom intertidal zone. Brazilian Journal of Biology 81 (4): 1036-1049. DOI: 10.1590/1519-6984.234129
Herbert RJ, Humphreys J, Davies CJ, Roberts C, Fletcher S, Crowe TP. 2016. Ecological impacts of non-native Pacific oysters (Crassostrea gigas) and management measures for protected areas in Europe. Biodiversity and Conservation, (25): 2835-2865. DOI: 10.1007/s10531-016-1209-4
Khalil M, Ezraneti R, Rusydi R, Yasin Z, Tan SH. 2021. Biometric Relationship of Tegillarca granosa (Bivalvia: Arcidae) from the Northern Region of the Strait of Malacca. Ocean Science Journal, 56 (2): 156-166. DOI: 10.1007/s12601-021-00019-x
Kim JH, Lee HM, Cho YG, Shin JS, Yoo JW, Hong HK, Choi KS. 2022. Effects of spawning stress on the immune capacity of blood cockle Tegillarca granosa occurring on the south coast of Korea. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, (120) 15–22. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2021.11.013
Kitheka JU. 1997. Coastal Tidally-driven Circulation and the Role of Water Exchange in the Linkage Between Tropical Coastal Ecosystems. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 45(2): 177–187. DOI: 10.1006/ecss.1996.0189
Kritsanapuntu S, Chaitanawisuti N. 2019. Distribution and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrate fauna in three repeated operating ages of the blood cockle Anadara granosa cultivation in Bandon Bay, Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand. Aquaculture Research 50 (12): 3539-3548. DOI: 10.1111/are.14308
Laignel B, Vignudelli S, Almar R, Becker M, Bentamy A, Benveniste J, Verpoorter C. 2023. Observation of the Coastal Areas, Estuaries and Deltas from Space. Surveys in Geophysics, 44(5): 1309–1356. DOI: 10.1007/s10712-022-09757-6
Li X, Han T, Zheng S, Wu G. 2021. Nutrition and Functions of Amino Acids in Aquatic Crustaceans. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-54462-1_9
Mahilac HMO, Tandingan JP, Armi G, Torres AG, Amparado RJR, Roa-Quiaoit HA. 2023. Macroinvertebrate Assessment In Seagrass Ecosystem In Sinacaban Municipality, Misamis Occidental, Philippines. Biodiversitas, 24(10): 5586-5597. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d241040
Mawardi AL, Atmaja THW, Sarjani TM, Khalil M, Sarong MA, Yusriono. 2022. Growth patterns of captive painted terrapins Batagur borneoensis in the Aceh Province, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 23 (9): 4872-4878. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d230956
Mawardi AL, Fira Y, Elfrida, Sarjani TM. 2021. Bivalvian Distribution Pattern Based on Habitat Characteristics in The Coastal Area of Langsa City. J. Biotik, 9 (2): 128-138. DOI: 10.22373/biotik.v9i2.10146
Mawardi AL, Khalil M, Sarjani, TM, Armanda, F. 2023. Diversity and habitat characteristics of gastropods and bivalves associated with mangroves on the east coast of Aceh Province, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 24 (9): 5146-5154. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d240959
Mitra A. 2020. Mangrove forests in India. Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20595-9
Muhammadar AA, Putra DF, Widari W. 2021. Diversity and Ecological Index of Penaeid Shrimp Collected from Mangrove Area of Kuala Langsa, Aceh, Indonesia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (869): 012028. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/869/1/012028
Pahri, Siti DR, Yana R, Danial MA. 2023. Sustainable management of blood cockles (Tegillarca granosa) industry in Malaysia from the life cycle assessment perspective: A review. AACL Bioflux, 16(1): 436–446.
Pourmozaffar S, Tamadoni, Jahromi S, Rameshi H, Sadeghi A, Bagheri T, Behzadi S, Abrari, Lazarjani S. 2020. The role of salinity in physiological responses of bivalves. Reviews in Aquaculture, 12(3): 1548–1566. DOI: 10.1111/raq.12397
Prakash S. 2021. Impact Of Climate Change On Aquatic Ecosystem And Its Biodiversity: An Overview. International Journal Biological Innovations, 03(02). DOI: 10.46505/IJBI.2021.3210
Rittenschober D, Nowak V, Charrondiere UR. 2013. Review of availability of food composition data for fish and shellfish. Food Chemistry, 141(4): 4303–4310. DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.07.007
Safuridar, Salman, Azhar I. 2022. Analisis the Total Economics Value of the Mangrove Forest Area in The Development of Ecotourism in Langsa City, Aceh. Jurnal Sains Global Indonesia, 3(1): 8-18. DOI: 10.59784/glosains.v3i1.48
Setyadi G, Rahayu DL, Pribadi R, Hartati R, Wijayanti DP, Sugianto DN, Darmawan A. 2021. Crustacean and Mollusk Species Diversity And Abundance In The Mangrove Communities of Mimika District, Papua, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22(10): 4146-4157. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d221004
Setyadi G, Rahayu DL, Pribadi R, Hartati R, Wijayanti DP, Sugianto DN, Darmawan A. 2021. Crustacean and mollusk species diversity and abundance in the mangrove communities of Mimika District, Papua, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 22(10): DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d221004
Smaal AC, Ferreira JG, Grant J, Petersen JK, Strand Ø. 2019. Goods and Services of Marine Bivalves. Springer Nature, Switzerland. DOI: 20.500.12657/22923
Spalding MD, Ruffo S, Lacambra C, Meliane I, Hale LZ, Shepard CC, Beck MW. 2014. The role of ecosystems in coastal protection: Adapting to climate change and coastal hazards. Ocean & Coastal Management, (90): 50–57. DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2013.09.007
Srisunont C, Nobpakhun Y, Yamalee C, Srisunont T. 2020. Influence of seasonal variation and anthropogenic stress on blood cockle (Tegillarca granosa) production potential. Journal of Fisheries and Environment, 44(2): 62–82.
Swasta IBJ, Murni IAAD, Amelia JM. 2023. Diversity and Abundance Of Mud Crabs (Scylla spp.) Living In Mangrove Forest Ecosystems On Serangan Island, Bali, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 24(10). 5664-5670. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d241048
Theuerkauf SJ, Barrett LT, Alleway HK, Costa?Pierce BA, St. Gelais A, Jones RC. 2022. Habitat value of bivalve shellfish and seaweed aquaculture for fish and invertebrates: Pathways, synthesis and next steps. Reviews in Aquaculture 14 (1): 54-72. DOI: 10.1111/raq.12584
Tu NPC, Ha NN, Dong NV, Nhan DT, Tri NN. 2022. Heavy metal levels in blood cockle from south Vietnam coastal waters. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 1–10. DOI: 10.1080/00288330.2022.2154813
Wanjiru C, Nagelkerken I, Rueckert S, Harcourt W, Huxham M. 2023. Where to fish in the forest? Tree characteristics and contiguous seagrass features predict mangrove forest quality for fishes and crustaceans. Journal of Applied Ecology (60): 1340–1351. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.14421.