Short Communication: The color fastness of cotton cloth dyed with dye extracted from skin of shallot (Allium ascalonicum)




Abstract. Sarwono, Santosa S, Prameswari NS. 2019. Short Communication: The color fastness of cotton cloth dyed with dye extracted from skin of shallot (Allium ascalonicum). Biodiversitas 20: 2475-2479. Inventing new sources of materials in textile coloration industry in Indonesia, especially batik industry, is necessary for the preservation of Indonesia’s textile heritage. Focusing on the exploitation of Allium ascalonicum L., this present study aimed at discovering whether shallot skin can be used as a natural dye for textile through the fixation of alum, chalk, and tunjung. It also tried to shed light on the method of applying dye from the skin of shallot to cotton cloth for batik and measured the color fastness. The test of color fastness was done using Staining Scale and Grey Scale. Data were gathered through observation and analyzed descriptively. The results of color fastness test showed that the color fastness of cotton cloth dyed with extract of shallot skin using alum fixation was fairly good based on color change and sufficient based on staining scale. The test results using chalk fixation showed that the color fastness was poor based on color change, but sufficient based on staining scale. Other results with tunjung fixation showed that the color fastness was sufficient. 


Adeel, S., Rehmen, F., Gulzar, T., Bhatti, I.A., Qaiser, S., Abid, A.2013.Dyeing Beaviour of Gamma Irradiated Cooton Using Amaltas(Casia Fistula) Bark Extracts, Asean J.Chem, 25(5).
Adrosko, R. J. 1971. Natural Dyes & Home Dyeing. New York : Dover Publications, Inc.
Bhatti, I.A., Adeel, S., Preven and Zuber. 2012.Deying of UV Irradiated Cotton and Polyester Fabric with Multi Functional Reactive and Disperse Dyes, J. Saudi Chem Soc. In Press (
Gulmini, M., Piccablotto, G., PaolaIacomussi, Gastaldi, D.2017.Stability of Natural Dyes under Light Emitting Diode Lamps,
Hasanudin, M.Widjiati, et. al. 2001.Penelitian Penerapan Zat Warna Alam dan Kombinasinya pada Produk Batik dan Tekstil Kerajinan, Yogyakarta : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri dan Perdagangan, BPKB, Departemen Perindustrian dan Perdagangan Republik Indonesia.
Kavak, F., Onal, A.2010.Usage as Willow Extract of Mordanting agent and Dyeing of Woodenand Fiber Steples with Union Shell, Rasayan J.Chem 3 (1).
Kun Lestari, Susilo Prawirohartono,Seminar Dekranas, Revival of Natural Colours. Yogyakarta, 3 Maret 1999.
Kun Lestari W.F. 2005.Teknologi Pewarnaan Alam Untuk Komoditas Tekstil, Kria Tekstil dan Benang, Yogyakarta : BPKB. Departemen Perindustrian Republik Indonesia.
Marganingsih, Maria. 2006.Kulit Bawang Merah Sebagai Alternatif Pewarna Pada Proses Batik. Surakarta: Jurusan Kriya Seni/Tekstil, FSSR., UNS.
Palfi, T., Wojnarovits, I., Takacs, E.2010.Mechanism of Azo Dye Degradation in Advanced Oxidation Processes, J. Chem, 80 (3).
Rehman, F.,Adeel,S., Qaiser,S., Bhatti,I.A.,Shahid,M.,&Zuber,M.2012.Dyeing behaviour of gamma irradiated cotton fabric using lawson dye extracted from henna leaves (Lawsonia inermis). Radiat.Phys.Chem.81(11).
Rukmana, R. 1994. Onion Cultivation and Harvest Processing. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Smanta,A.K. & Konar, A. 2011.Dyeing of Textile with Natural Dyes. IntechWeb, Croatia.
Shalini, C., Upadhay, S.K. 2013. Interaction of Natural Dye (Allium Cepa) with Anionic Surfactant. J. Chem,
Singgih Wibowo. 1992. The Cultivation of : Garlic and Onion. Jakarta : Penebar Swadaya.
Suprapto, Hendri. 2005. Pengetahuan Mordanting. Yogyakarta : Batik Natural “BIXA”.
Susanto, Sewan. 1980. The Art of Indonesian Batik Craft. Jakarta: Department of Industry Republic of Indonesia.
Sutopo, H.B.2002. Qualitative Research Method (Theoretical Basis and Its Implementation in Research. Surakarta : Sebelas Maret University Press.
Tortora, Phillys, G.1978. Understanding Textiles. United States of America : Collier Macmillan Canada.
Umar, I.A., Muhammad, A., Wong, Y.C.Fastnes Properties of Colourent Extracted from Locus Bean Fruit Pods to Dye Cotton and Silk Fabric, Environ Manage, Sust. Dev 2 (1).
Yin, R.K. 1987. Case Study Researh: Baverly Hills: Sage Publication.