Short Communication: Dacini tribe's fruit fly species in Depok (Indonesia) with special reference to the abundance of orchard fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, for fruit pest controlling




Abstract. Herrahmawati Q, Yuniati R, Yasman. 2023. Short Communication: Dacini tribe's fruit fly species in Depok (Indonesia) with special reference to the abundance of orchard fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, for fruit pest controlling. Biodiversitas 24: 2447-2457. Knowledge of diversity and regularly monitoring pest insects in fields is crucial in crop protection and is key to effective pest control management. Our research group aims to map the species diversity of the Dacini tribe's fruit flies in Depok (Indonesia) using lure fruit fly traps and rearing fruit fly larvae from infected fruits. This preliminary study result is important for our next study to control fruit flies using tropical fruit extract as a natural lure. Four fruit flies were obtained from infected fruit purchased from a traditional fruit seller: Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel 1912) and Bactrocera albistrigata (Meijere 1911) from Syzygium aqueum (Burm.fil.) Alston fruit and Bactrocera fuscitibia (Drew & Hancock 1994) and Bactrocera carambolae (Drew & Hancock 1994) from arum manis (Mangifera indica L.) fruit. Meanwhile, three fruit fly species were caught in lure traps using methyl eugenol: B. dorsalis, Bactrocera umbrosa (Fabricius 1805), and Bactrocera musae (Tryon 1927). Detailed morphological descriptions were provided for each species obtained. The B. dorsalis was the most abundant, while B. musae were the least abundant. This study's total number of individuals was 6,329 for B. dorsalis, 485 for B. umbrosa, and 34 for B. musae. The B. dorsalis is widely distributed in many tropical areas of Asia-Pacific and is considered an invasive species in Africa. Moreover, it is well known as one of the most important pest species within the Tephritidae family. While the remaining obtained fruit fly species have also been reported as pests, it is interesting to note that B. fuscitibia was reported as a non-pest species but was obtained from an infected mango fruit in this preliminary study. The B. musae was also reported for the first time in Depok, West Java Province, Indonesia.


Aryuwandari VEF, Trisyono YA, Suputa, De Faveri S, Vijaysegaran S. 2020. Survey of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) from 23 Species of fruits collected in Sleman, Yogyakarta. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 24 (2): 122-132. DOI: 10.22146/jpti.57634. [Indonesian]
Biasazin TD, Karlsson MF, Hillbur Y, Seyoum E, Dekker T. 2014. Identification of host blends that attract the African invasive fruit fly, Bactrocera invadens. J Chem Ecol 40 (9): 966-976. DOI 10.1007/s10886-014-0501-6.
Blande JD. 2021. Effects of air pollution on plant-insect interactions mediated by olfactory and visual cues. Curr Opin Environ Sci Health 19: 1-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.coesh.2020.100228.
Chieng ACT, Hee AKW, Wee SL. 2018. Involvement of the antennal and maxillary palp structures in detection and response to methyl eugenol by male Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae). J Insect Sci 18 (5): 1-5. DOI: 10.1093/jisesa/iey10.
Christenson LD, Foote RH. 1960. Biology of fruit flies. Annu Rev Entomol 5: 171-192. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.en.05.010160.001131.
Cunningham JP, Carlsson MA, Villa TF, Dekker T, Anthony R Clarke AR. 2016. Do fruit ripening volatiles enable resource specialism in polyphagous fruit flies? J Chem Ecol 42: 931-940. DOI 10.1007/s10886-016-0752-5.
Dara SK. 2019. The new integrated pest management paradigm for the modern age. J Integr Pest Manag 10 (1): 1-9. DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmz010.
Doorenweerd C, Leblanc L, Norrbom AL, Jose MS, Rubinoff D. 2018. A global checklist of the 932 fruit fly species in the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae). ZooKeys 730: 19-56. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.730.21786.
Douglas AE. 2018. Strategies for enhanced crop resistance to insect pests. Annu Rev Plant Biol 69: 637-660. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-arplant-042817-040248.
Fan Y, Zhang C, Qin Y, Yin X, Dong Xinyi, Desneux N and Zhou H. 2022. Monitoring the methyl eugenol response and non-responsiveness mechanisms in oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis in China. Insects 13: 1004. DOI: 10.3390/insects13111004.
Faria FA, Perre P, Zucchi RA, Jorge LR, Lewinsohn TM, Rocha A, Torres RS. 2014. Automatic identification of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae). J Vis Commun Image R 25: 1516-1527. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvcir.2014.06.014.
Golay J, Leuenberger M, Kanevski M. 2017. Feature selection for regression problems based on the Morisita Estimator of intrinsic dimension. Pattern Recognition 70 (2017): 126-138. DOI: 10.1016/j.patcog.2017.05.008.
Gu X, Cai Pumo, Yang Y, Yang Q, Yao M, Idrees A, Ji Q, Yang J, Chen J. 2018. The response of four braconid parasitoid species to methyl eugenol: Optimization of a biocontrol tactic to suppress Bactrocera dorsalis. Biol Cont 122: 101-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocontrol.2018.04.002.
Haq I, Caceres C, Meza JS, Hendrichs JM, Vreysen JB. 2018. Diferent methods ofmethyl eugenol application enhance the mating success of male oriental fruit fly (Dipera: Tephritidae). Sci Rep 8: 6033. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-24518-5.
Haryono T, Sastrahidayat IR, Mudjiono G, Himawan T. 2016. The exploration of fruit flies Bactrocera (Diptera:Tephritidae) and its parasitoid in Madura Island regions. J Biol Res 21 (2): 75-80. DOI: 10.23869/bphjbr.21.2.20165.
Hee AKW, Ooi YS, Wee SL, Tan KH. 2015. Comparative sensitivity to methyl eugenol of four putative Bactrocera dorsalis complex sibling species-further evidence that they belong to one and the same species B. dorsalis. In: De Meyer M, Clarke AR, Vera MT, Hendrichs J (Eds). resolution of cryptic species complexes of tephritid pests to enhance sit application and facilitate international trade. ZooKeys 540: 313-321. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.540.6099.
Huan L, Dong-ju Z, Yi-juan X, Lei W, Dai-feng C, Yi-xiang Q, Ling Z, Yong-yue L. 2019. Invasion, expansion, and control of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) in China. J Integr Agric 18 (4): 771-787. DOI: 10.1016/S2095-3119(18)62015-5.
Hudiwaku S, Himawan T, Rizali A. 2021. Diversity and species composition of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Lombok Island, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22 (10): 1-9. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d221054.
Ilyafad S, Permana AD, Susanto A. 2022. Fluktuasi populasi dan identifikasi lalat buah Bactrocera spp. pada pertanaman mangga varietas gedong gincu di Jatigede Sumedang. Jurnal Agrikultura 33 (1): 83-88. DOI: 10.24198/agrikultura.v33i1.37796. [Indonesian]
Jaleel W, Heb Y, Lü L. 2019. The response of two Bactrocera species (Diptera: Tephritidae) to fruit volatiles. J Asia Pac Entomol 22: 758-765. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2019.05.011.
Jaleel W, Saeed R, Shabbir MZ, Azad R, Ali S, Sial MU, Aljedani DM, Ghramh HA, Khan KA, Wang D, He Y. 2021. Olfactory response of two different Bactrocera fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) on banana, guava, and mango fruits. J King Saud Univ Sci 33: 101455. DOI: 10.1016/j.jksus.2021.101455.
Jaleel W, Tao X, Wang D, Lu L, He Y. 2018. Using two-sex life table traits to assess the fruit preference and fitness of Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae). J Econ Entomol 20 (10): 1-10. DOI: 10.1093/jee/toy243.
Jayanthi PDK, Kumar PS, Vyas M. 2021. Odour cues from fruit arils of Artocarpus heterophyllus attract both sexes of oriental fruit flies. J Chem Ecol 47: 552-563. DOI: 10.1007/s10886-021-01269-8.
Kardinan A, Bintoro MH, Syakir M, Amin A. 2009. Penggunaan selasih dalam pengendalian hama lalat buah pada mangga. Littri 15: 101-109. DOI: 10.21082/jlittri.v15n3.2009.101-109. [Indonesian]
Krosch MN, Schutze MK, Newman J, Strutt F, Bryant LM, Mahon JM, Clarke AR. 2018. Influence of fruit traits on oviposition preference and offspring performance of Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt) (Diptera: Tephritidae) on three tomato (Lycopersicon lycopersicum) cultivars. Austral Entomol 44 (2): 97-103. DOI: 10.1111/aen.12375.
Linda, Witjaksono, Suputa. 2018. Species composition of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Sorong and Raja Ampat, West Papua. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 22 (2): 193-200. DOI: 10.22146/jpti.25280. [Indonesian]
Liu L, Zhou Q. 2016. Olfactory response of female Bactrocera minax to chemical components of the preference host citrus volatile oils. J Asia Pac Entomol 19: 37-642. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2016.05.008.
Manwan SW, Nurjanani. 2017. Identifikasi dan karakteristik morfologi lalat buah di Kabupaten Soppeng. Jurnal Agrotan 3 (1): 1-17. [Indonesian]
Mutamiswa R, Nyamukondiwa C, Chikowore G, Chidawanyika F. 2021. Overview of oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Africa: From invasion, bio-ecology to sustainable management. Crop Prot 141: 105492. DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2020.105492.
Nebapure SM, Sagar D. 2015. Insect-plant interaction: A road map from knowledge to novel technology. Karnataka J Agric Sci 28 (1): 1-7.
Ocitti P, Ndlela S, Akol AM, Muyinza H, Mohamed SA. 2021. Non-chemical post-harvest disinfestation of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Tommy Atkins mango using hot-water immersion treatment. Afr Entomol 29 (1): 238-247. DOI: DOI: 10.4001/003.029.0238.
Omayio D, Mzungu E. 2019. Modification of Shannon-wiener diversity index towards quantitative estimation of environmental wellness and biodiversity levels under a non-comparative scenario. J Environ Earth Sci 9 (9): 1-12. DOI: 10.7176/JEES.
Ono H, Hee AK, Jiang H. 2021. Recent advancements in studies on chemosensory mechanisms underlying detection of semiochemicals in Dacini fruit flies of economic importance (Diptera: Tephritidae). Insects 12: 106. DOI: 10.3390/insects12020106.
Park SJ, De Faveri SG, Cheesman J, Hanssen BL, Cameron DNS, Jamie IM, Taylor PW. 2020. Zingerone in the flower of Passiflora maliformis attracts an Australian fruit fly, Bactrocera jarvisi (Tryon). Molecules 25: 2877. DOI: 10.3390/molecules25122877.
Plant Health Australia. 2018. The Australian Handbook for the Identification of Fruit Flies: Version 3.1. ACT, Canberra.
Pujiastuti Y, Irsan C, Herlinda S, Kartini L, Yulistin E. 2020. Identification of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and their distribution in South Sumatera Province. Indones J Entomol 17 (3): 125-135. DOI: 10.5994/jei.17.3.125.
Putra NS. 1997. Hama Lalat Buah dan Pengendaliannya. Kanisius, Yogyakarta. [Indonesian]
Rattanapun W, Amornsaki W, Clarke AR. 2009. Bactrocera dorsalis preference for and performance on two mango varieties at three stages of ripeness. Entomol Exp Appl 131: 243-253. DOI: 10.1111/j.1570-7458.2009.00850.x.
Royer JE, Mayer DG. 2018. Combining cue-lure and methyl eugenol in traps significantly decreases catches of most Bactrocera, Zeugodacus and Dacus species (Diptera: Tephritidae: Dacinae) in Australia and Papua New Guinea. J Econ Entomol 111 (1): 298-303. DOI: 10.1093/jee/tox334.
Sa RF De, Castellani MA, Riberio AEL, Perez-Maluf R, Moreira AA, Nagamoto NS, Nascimento ASD. 2012. Faunal analysis of the species Anastrepha in the fruit growing complex Gaviao River, Bahia, Brazil. Bull Insectol 65: 37-42.
Saeed M, Ahmad T, Alam M, Shuraym LAA, Ahmed N. 2022. Preference and performance of peach fruit fly (Bactrocera zonata) and melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) under laboratory conditions. Saudi J Biol Sci 29: 2402-2408. DOI: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.12.001.
Saputra HM, Afriyansyah B. 2021. Distribution and identification of fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) attracted on methyl euganol and cue lure in central Bangka regency, Bangka Belitung. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika 21 (1): 72-81. DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.12172-81. [Indonesian]
Sari EKA, Affandi M, Hariyanto S. 2020. Diversity of fruit flies (Tephritidae: Bactrocera spp.) in campus C of Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia. Treubia 47 (2): 111-122. DOI: 10.14203/treubia.v47i2.3982.
Sastono IW, Wijaya IN, Adnyana IMM. 2017. Uji efektivitas perangkap kuning berperekat dan atraktan terhadap serangan lalat buah pada pertanaman jeruk di Desa Katung, Kecamatan Kintamani, Kabupaten Bangli. Agroekoteknologi Tropika 6 (4): 1-8. [Indonesian]
Scolari F, Valerio F, Benelli G, Papadopoulos NT, Vaní?cková L. 2021. Tephritid fruit fly semiochemicals: Current knowledge and future perspectives. Insects 12: 408. DOI: 10.3390/insects12050408.
Siwi SS, Hidayat P. 2006. Taksonomi dan Bioekologi Lalat Buah Penting Bactrocera spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae) di Indonesia. Kerjasama Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetik Pertanian dengan Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Australia, Jakarta. [Indonesian]
Siwi SS. 2005. Eko-biologi Hama Lalat Buah. BB-Biogen, Bogor. [Indonesian]
Soares GKA, Fidelis EG, Farias ES, Rodrigues G S, Paes JLA. 2023. Range expansion and population dynamics of Bactrocera carambolae in Roraima, Brazil. Crop Prot 165: 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2022.106167.
Song SL, Yong HS, Chua KO, Limb PE, Eamsobhana P. 2022 . Data set on the diversity and core members of bacterial community associated with two specialist fruit flies Bactrocera melastomatos and B. umbrosa (Insecta, Tephritidae). Data in Brief 45: 1-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2022.108727.
Sunarno, Popoko S. 2013. Keragaman jenis lalat buah (Bactrocera spp) di Tobelo Kabupaten Halmahera Utara. Jurnal Agroforestri 8 (4): 269-276. [Indonesian]
Supratiwi R, Apriyadi R, Asriani E. 2020. Fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) diversity in horticultural farm of Merawang Sub-District, Bangka District, Bangka Belitung Islands. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika 20 (1): 61-70. DOI: 10.23960/j.hptt.12061-70.
Susanto A, Yuliastari PED, Ferliansyah KM, Hersanti, Widiantini F, Maelani S, Permana AD. 2022. The abundance of fruit flies (Bactrocera spp.) on some varieties of mango from three selling sources. Intl J Fruit Sci 22 (1): 110-120. DOI: 10.1080/15538362.2021.2023934.
Tan KH, Nishida R. 2012. Methyl eugenol: Its occurrence, distribution, and role in nature, especially in relation to insect behavior and pollination. J Insect Sci 12: 56. DOI: 10.1673/031.012.5601.
Tan KH. 2020. Recaptures of feral Bactrocera dorsalis and B. umbrosa (Diptera: Tephritidae) males after feeding on methyl eugenol. Bull Entomol Res 110: 15-21. DOI: 10.1017/S0007485319000208.
Vargas RI, Mau RL, Jang EB. 2007. The Hawaii fruit fly area-wide pest management program: accomplishments and future directions. Proc Hawaii Entomol Soc 39: 99-104.
Vargas RI, Pinero JC, Leblanc L. 2015. An overview of pest species of Bactrocera fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and the integration of biopesticides with other biological approaches for their management with a focus on the Pacific region. Insects 6: 297-318. DOI: 10.3390/insects6020297.
Vayssieres JF, Korie S, Coulibaly O, Temple L, Boueyi Sp. 2008. The mango tree in northern Benin: cultivar inventory, yield assessment, infested stages and loss due to fruit flies (Diptera Tephritidae). Fruits 63: 1-8. DOI: 10.1051/fruits:2008035.
Wee SL, Abdul Munir MZ, Hee AKW. 2018. Attraction and consumption of methyl eugenol by male Bactrocera umbrosa Fabricius (Diptera: Tephritidae) promotes conspecific sexual communication and mating performance. Bull Entomol Res 108: 116-124. DOI: 10.1017/S0007485317000554.
Wee SL, Shelly T. 2013. Capture of Bactrocera fruit flies in traps baited with liquid versus solid formulations of male lures in Malaysia. J Asia Pac Entomol 16: 37-42. DOI: 10.1016/j.aspen.2012.09.006.
Yudistira DH, Tanjung IS, Rizkie L. 2020. Preferensi inang lalat buah Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillet) dan Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) pada berbagai jenis buah. Bioma 9 (2): 1-11. DOI: 10.26877/bioma.v9i2.7058. [Indonesian]
Zheng W, Zhu C, Peng T, Zhang H. 2012. Odorant receptor co-receptor Orco is upregulated by methyl eugenol in male Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae). J Insect Physiol 58: 1122-1127. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2012.05.011.

Most read articles by the same author(s)