Short Communication: Note on the genus Dorstenia Plum. ex L. (Moraceae) in Java (Indonesia) and noteworthy information on the identity of D. bahiensis through ITS sequence




Abstract. Irsyam ASD, Hariri MR, Peniwidiyanti, Irwanto RR. 2021. Short Communication: Note on the genus Dorstenia Plum. ex L. (Moraceae) in Java (Indonesia) and noteworthy information on the identity of D. bahiensis through ITS sequence. Biodiversitas 22: 3358-3363. Dorstenia Plum. ex L. grouped within tribe Dorstenieae in the Moraceae. The genus comprises 105 species that are distributed in the African, Asian, and Neotropical regions. Previous studies showed that Java Island has only one species of Dorstenia, namely D. contrajerva L. This exotic species was introduced a long time ago and naturalized in Java. The field survey was carried out in Banten, Jakarta, West Java, and East Java. Herbarium study was also carried out in Herbarium Bogoriense and Herbarium Bandungense. There are two additional species from Java, D. bahiensis Klotzsch ex Fisch. and C.A. Mey. and D. foetida (Forssk.) Schweinf. Dorstenia bahiensis originated from Eastern Brazil and was found naturalized in Mekarwangi Village, Lembang, Bandung Barat regency, Indonesia. Dorstenia foetida is native to Africa and is only found as a popular cultivated plant. A molecular approach was carried out to provide the right identity of D. bahiensis because it has been mistakenly labeled as D. elata by a Javanese horticulturist. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence separated and distinguished both D. bahiensis and D. elata into different clades, which makes the popular name for D. elata actually D. bahiensis. Based on this study, there are three species of exotic Dorstenia in Java. The descriptions, photographs, and further discussions are provided.


Backer CA, Bakhuizen van den Brink RC. 1965. Flora of Java. (volume 2). N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
Berg CC. 2001. Moreae, Artocarpeae, and Dorstenia (Moraceae): With Introductions to the Family and Ficus and With Additions and Corrections to Flora Neotropica Monograph 7. New York Botanical Garden Press, New York.
Berg CC, Corner EJH, Jarrett FM. 2006. Moraceae – genera other than Ficus. Fl. Males. – Ser. 1, Spermatophyta 17(2): 1–702.
Cassidy FG, Le Page RB. 2002. Dictionary of Jamaican English. (2nd ed). The University of The West Indies Press, Jamaica.
Chase MW, Thijs KW, Kamau P, Fay MF. 2013. Dorstenia christenhuszii (Moraceae), a new species from the Taita Hills, Kenya. Phytotaxa 81(2): 45-48.
de Castro RM. 2006. Flora da Bahia – Moraceae [Dissertation]. Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana, Feira de Santana, Bahia.
de Oliveira Boeni B, Singer RB. 2015. Synopsis of Dorstenia (Moraceae) in Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. 87(2):925-942.
dos Santos A, de São José PA, Filho MDMV, Neto SR. 2016. Dorstenia (Moraceae) da região da Serra da Mantiqueira, Brasil. Rodriguesia 67(1):237-250.
Felsenstein J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies: An approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39:783-791.
Friis L. 1983. The acaulescent and succulent species of Dorstenia sect. Kosaria (Moraceae) from NE tropical Africa and Arabia. Nord. J. Bot. 3(5):533-538.
Gledhill D. 2008. The Names of Plants. (4th ed). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Kimura M. 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rate of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. J. Mol. Evol. 16:111-120.
Kumar S, Stecher G, Li M, Knyaz C, Tamura K. 2018. MEGA X: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis across computing platforms. Mol. Biol. Evol. 35:1547-1549.
Misiewicz TM, Zerega NC. 2012. Phylogeny, biogeography and character evolution of Dorstenia (Moraceae). Edinb. J. Bot. 69(3):413-440.
Rugayah, Retnowati A, Windadri FI and Hidayat A. 2004. Pengumpulan Data Taksonomi. In: Rugayah, Widjaja EA, Praptiwi (eds.). Pedoman pengumpulan data keanekaragaman flora. Pusat Penelitian Biologi-LIPI, Bogor. [Indonesian]
Saitou N, Nei M. 1987. The neighbor-joining method: A new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol. Biol. Evol. 4:406-425.
Upadhyay GK, Ansari AA, Dalai AK. 2008. Dorstenia bahiensis Klotzsch Ex Fisch. and C.A. Mey. (Moraceae) - first naturalised record for India. Indian J. For. 31: 479-482.
van Balgooy MMJ. 1987. Collecting. In: de Vogel EF (ed). Manual of Herbarium Taxonomy Theory and Practice. UNESCO for Southeast Asia, Jakarta.

Most read articles by the same author(s)