Arboreal arthropod assemblages in chili pepper with different mulches and pest managements in freshwater swamps of South Sumatra, Indonesia




Abstract. Herlinda S, Tricahyati T, Irsan C, Karenina T, Hasbi, Suparman, Lakitan B, Anggraini E, Arsi. 2021. Arboreal arthropod assemblages in chili pepper with different mulches and pest managements in freshwater swamps of South Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22: 3057-3066. In the center of freshwater swamps in South Sumatra, three different chili cultivation practices are generally found, namely differences in mulch and pest management that can affect arthropod assemblages. The effect of mulches and pest management on arboreal arthropod assemblages specific to chili production centers in the freshwater swamps of South Sumatra has never been investigated. This study aimed to observe arboreal arthropod assemblages in chili with different mulches and pest management. Arboreal arthropods were sampled using sweep nets in three locations with plots treated with leaf litter mulch and bioinsecticide, plastic mulch and synthetic insecticide, and weedy plot without mulch with synthetic insecticide. The species number of arboreal arthropods found was 28 species of Arachnids and 23 species of Insects, and consisting of 6 families of the Arachnids and 25 families of Insects. The abundance of arboreal arthropods was 65.60 individuals/5 nets per observation. In the chili field without mulch but with the insecticide, the species biodiversity and abundance of arboreal predatory arthropods were the highest. In contrast, in the chili field, that applied with synthetic insecticides and plastic mulch, the abundance of arboreal predatory arthropods was the lowest. The herbivorous insect populations in chili with plastic mulch and synthetic insecticides and the chili with the leaf litter mulch were higher than those in the chili without mulch. In the chili with the leaf litter mulch and bioinsecticide, the species number and abundance of the spiders were the highest compared to the other chili fields. The weedy chili field without mulch and chili with the leaf litter mulch has proved ideal habitats for the arboreal predatory arthropods.


Agus N, Nasruddin A, Gassa A. 2019. The role of planting patterns to control thrips from red chili pepper plants. Int J Sci Res 8: 521–526. DOI: 10.35940/ijrte.d4419.018520
Anggraini E, Anisa WN, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Suparman S, Suwandi S, et al. 2021. Phytophagous insects and predatory arthropods in soybean and zinnia. Biodiversitas 22: 1405–1414. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220343
Bhatt B, Joshi S, Karnatak AK. 2018. Biodiversity of insect pests and their predators on okra agroecosystem. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 7: 84–86.
Biondi A, Desneux N, Siscaro G, Zappalà L. 2012. Using organic-certified rather than synthetic pesticides may not be safer for biological control agents: Selectivity and side effects of 14 pesticides on the predator Orius laevigatus. Chemosphere 87: 803–812. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.082
Borisade OA, Uwaidem YI, Ayotunde-Ojo MO. 2017. Arthropods associated with Amaranthus hybridus in Southwestern Nigeria and aggregation patterns of Gasteroclisus rhomboidalis, Hypolixus nubilosus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in r. Asian J Adv Agric Res 2: 1–11. DOI: 10.9734/AJAAR/2017/34561
Bryant A, Brainard DC, Haramoto ER, Szendrei Z. 2013. Cover crop mulch and weed management influence arthropod communities in strip-tilled cabbage. Pest Manag 42: 293–306. DOI: 10.1603/EN12192
Carvalho LS, Bevilaqua M, Querino RB. 2014. An observation of the parasitoid Melittobia australica Girault (Hymenoptera?: Eulophidae) and its host, the solitary wasp Sceliphron asiaticum (Linnaeus ) Hymenoptera?: Sphecidae). Entomol Am 120: 43–46. DOI: 10.1664/13-SN-012R.1
Daravath V, Chander S. 2017. Feeding efficiency of wolf spider, Pardosa pseudoannulata (Boesenberg and Strand) against brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stal). J Entomol Zool Stud 5: 5–8.
Hanif KI, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y. 2020. The impact of bioinsecticide overdoses of Beauveria bassiana on species diversity and abundance of not targeted arthropods in South Sumatra (Indonesia ) freshwater swamp paddy. Biodiversitas 21: 2124–2136. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d210541
Heinrichs EA, Nwilene FE, Stout MJ, Hadi BAR, Freita T. (2017). Rice Insect Pests and their Management. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing: London.
Herlinda S, Karenina T, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y. 2019. Arthropods inhabiting flowering non-crop plants and adaptive vegetables planted around paddy fields of freshwater swamps of South Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 20: 3328–3339. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d201128
Herlinda S, Yudha S, Thalib R. 2018. Species richness and abundance of spiders inhabiting rice in fresh swamps and tidal lowlands in South Sumatra, Indonesia. J ISSAAS 24: 82–93.
Jiang H, Ding Y, Zhao D, Liu X, Guo H. 2020. Infection and transmission of the facultative endosymbiont Arsenophonus in the spider Pardosa pseudoannulata. Res Sq 2020: 1–13. DOI: 10.21203/
Karenina T, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y. 2019. Abundance and species diversity of predatory arthropods inhabiting rice of refuge habitats and synthetic insecticide application in freshwater swamps in South Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 20: 2375–2387. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d200836
Karenina T, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y. 2020a. Arboreal entomophagous arthropods of rice insect pests inhabiting adaptive vegetables and refugia in freshwater swamps of South Sumatra. Agrivita J Agric Sci Agric Sci 42: 214–228. DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v0i0.2283
Karenina T, Herlinda S, Irsan C, Pujiastuti Y, Hasbi, Suparman, et al. 2020b. Community structure of arboreal and soil-dwelling arthropods in three different rice planting indexes in freshwater swamps of South Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 21: 4839–4849. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d211050
Karungi JÃ, Obua T, Kyamanywa S, Mortensen CN, Erbaugh M. 2013. Seedling protection and field practices for management of insect vectors and viral diseases of hot pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq .) in Uganda. Int J of Pest Manag. 59: 103–110. DOI: 10.1080/09670874.2013.772260
Kolota E, Adamczewska-Sowinska K. 2013. Living mulches in vegetable crops production: perspectives and limitations (a reviev). Acta Sci Pol, Hortorum Cultus 12: 127–142.
Lakitan B, Alberto A, Lindiana L, Kartika K. 2018. The benefits of biochar on rice growth and yield in tropical riparian wetland, South Sumatra, Indonesia. 17: 111–126. DOI: 10.12982/CMUJNS.2018.0009
Lakitan B, Lindiana L, Widuri LI, Kartika K, Siaga E, Meihana M. 2019. Inclusive and ecologically-sound food crop cultivation at tropical non-tidal. Agrivita 41: 23–31. DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v40i0.1717
Magurran AE. 2004. Measuring Biological Diversity. Blackwell Science Ltd.: USA.
Majidpour M, Maroofpour N, Ghane-jahromi M, Guedes RNC. 2020. Thiacloprid + deltamethrin on the life-table parameters of the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera?: Aphididae), and the parasitoid, Aphidius flaviventris (Hymenoptera?: Aphelinidae). Ecotoxicology 113: 2723–2731. DOI: 10.1093/jee/toaa214
Mohsin SB, Yi-jing L, Li-jie T, Maqsood I, Ma-sun T, Le-meng H, et al. 2015. Predatory efficacy of cotton inhabiting spiders on Bemisia tabaci, Amrasca devastans, Thrips tabaci and Helicoverpa armigera in laboratory conditions. J Northeast Agric Univ 22: 48–53. DOI: 10.1016/S1006-8104(16)30006-X
Nasruddin A, Agus N, Saubil A, Jumardi J, Rasyid B, Siriniang A, et al. 2020. Effects of mulch type, plant cultivar, and insecticide use on sweet potato whitefly population in chili pepper. Scientifica (Cairo) 2020: 1–7. DOI: 10.1155/2020/6428426
Nottingham LB, Kuhar TP, Tech V, Drive D, Hall P. 2016. Reflective polyethylene mulch reduces mexican bean Beetle (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) densities and damage in snap beans. Hortic Entomol 109: 1785–1792. DOI: 10.1093/jee/tow144
Pal S, Mandal R, Sarkar I, Ghimiray TS, Sharma BR, Roy A, et al. 2017. Species diversity and community structure of arthropod pests and predators in flax, Linum usitatissimum L. from Darjeeling (India). Braz Arch Biol Technol 60: 1–9. DOI: 10.1590/1678-4324-2017160492
Parry HR, Macfadyen S, Hopkinson JE, Bianchi FJJA, Zalucki MP, Bourne A, et al. 2015. Plant composition modulates arthropod pest and predator abundance: evidence for culling exotics and planting natives. Basic Appl Ecol 16: 531–543. DOI: 10.1016/j.baae.2015.05.005
Pope TW, Girling RD, Staley JT, Trigodet B, Wright DJ, Leather SR, et al. 2012. Effects of organic and conventional fertilizer treatments on host selection by the aphid parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae. J appl Entomol 136: 445–455. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0418.2011.01667.x
Potapov AM, Dupperre N, Jochum M, Dreczko K, Klarner B, Barnes AD, et al. 2020. Functional losses in ground spider communities due to habitat structure degradation under tropical land-use change. Ecology 101: 1–14. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2957
Prabawati G, Herlinda S, Pujiastuti Y. 2019. The abundance of canopy arthropods in South Sumatra (Indonesia) freshwater swamp main and ratooned rice applied with bioinsecticides and synthetic insecticide. Biodiversitas 20: 2921–2930. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d201021
Razzak MA, Seal DR, Stansly PA, Schaffer B, Liburd OE. 2019. A predatory mite, Amblyseius swirskii, and plastic mulch for managing melon thrips, Thrips palmi, in vegetable crops. Crop Prot 126: 1–8. DOI: 10.1016/j.cropro.2019.104916
Riggi LGA, Bommarco R. 2019. Subsidy type and quality determine direction and strength of trophic cascades in arthropod food webs in agroecosystems. J Appl Ecol 2019: 1–10. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13444
Rondonuwu FB, Maramis TD, Tulung M. 2014. Natural chili (Capsicum frutescens L.) cultivation to mitigate chili leaf curl complex in North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Int J Res Eng Sci 2: 1–8.
Siaga E, Lakitan B, Hasbi, Bernas SM, Wijaya A, Lisda R, et al. 2018. Application of floating culture system in chili pepper (Capsicum annum L .) during prolonged flooding period at riparian wetland in Indonesia. Aust J Crop Sci 12: 808–816. DOI: 10.21475/ajcs.18.12.05.PNE1007
Siaga E, Lakitan B, Hasbi H, Bernas SM, Widuri LI, Kartika K. 2019. Floating seedbed for preparing rice seedlings under unpredictable flooding occurrence at tropical riparian wetland. Bulg J Agric Sci 25: 326–336.
Whyte R, Anderson G. 2017. A Field Guide to Spiders of Australia. CSIRO Publishing: Queensland.
Zhou A. 2014. Interactions between ghost ants and invasive mealybugs: the case of Tapinoma melanocephalum (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Florida Entomol 97: 1474–1480.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2 3 4 > >>