Ecosystem services research trends in Indonesia: a bibliometric analysis




Abstract. Firdaus N, Supriatna, Supriatna J. 2022. Ecosystem services research trends in Indonesia: a bibliometric analysis. Biodiversitas 23: 1105-1117. Among the world's mega-biodiversity countries in the tropics, Indonesia has experienced the most severe deforestation in recent decades. It is alarming that the rate is potentially disrupting the future provision of ecosystem services. On the other hand, there is a paucity of research on ecosystem services in Indonesia, and its current state is unknown. This study provided an overview of ecosystem services research trends in Indonesia from 1998 to 2020 using bibliometric and science mapping analysis of 298 published works from the Scopus database. Since 2013, publications on the topic have increased and grown exponentially, with environmental science dominating the subjects, followed by agriculture and biology, and the social sciences. Biodiversitas and Ecosystem Services are the most prolific journals for publishing results, while Science and Ecological Economics have the most citations. Being the most productive in publications, Indonesia and the United States are also engaged the most in research collaborations. Ecosystem services research in Indonesia is closely linked to biodiversity, deforestation, and oil palm. Furthermore, oil palm, sustainability, and land-use change are promising topics to address in the coming years. This study suggests that the dynamics of ecosystem services research in Indonesia call for further developments in improving the quality of impactful research through interdisciplinary approaches, international collaboration, and the engagement of diverse stakeholders and policy-makers related to the field, to increase the benefits of sustainable ecosystem services in the future.


Abramovitz JN. 1998. Putting a value on nature’s “free” services. World Watch 11: 10–19.
Acharya RP, Maraseni T, Cockfield G. 2019. Global trend of forest ecosystem services valuation – An analysis of publications. Ecosystem Services 39.
Acosta P, Curt MD. 2019. Understanding the expansion of oil palm cultivation: A case-study in Papua. Journal of Cleaner Production 219: 199–216.
Alamgir M, Pert PL, Turton SM. 2014. A review of ecosystem services research in Australia reveals a gap in integrating climate change and impacts on ecosystem services. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management 10: 112–127.
Aleixandre-Benavent R, Aleixandre-Tudó JL, Castelló-Cogollos L, Aleixandre JL. 2017. Trends in scientific research on climate change in agriculture and forestry subject areas (2005–2014). Journal of Cleaner Production 147: 406–418.
Aleixandre-Benavent R, Aleixandre-Tudó JL, Castelló-Cogollos L, Aleixandre JL. 2018. Trends in global research in deforestation. A bibliometric analysis. Land Use Policy 72: 293–302.
Anand S, Gupta S. 2020. Provisioning ecosystem services: Multitier bibliometric analysis and visualisation. Environmental and Sustainability Indicators 8: 100081.
Austin KG, Schwantes A, Gu Y, Kasibhatla PS. 2019. What causes deforestation in Indonesia? Environmental Research Letters 14.
Ayompe LM, Schaafsma M, Egoh BN. 2021. Towards sustainable palm oil production?: The positive and negative impacts on ecosystem services and human wellbeing. Journal of Cleaner Production 278: 123914.
Aznar-Sánchez JA, Belmonte-Ureña LJ, López-Serrano MJ, Velasco-Muñoz JF. 2018. Forest ecosystem services: An analysis of worldwide research. Forests 9.
Aznar-Sánchez JA, Velasco-Muñoz JF, Belmonte-Ureña LJ, Manzano-Agugliaro F. 2019. The worldwide research trends on water ecosystem services. Ecological Indicators 99: 310–323.
Balvanera P, Uriarte M, Almeida-Leñero L, Altesor A, DeClerck F, Gardner T, Hall J, Lara A, Laterra P, Peña-Claros M, Silva Matos DM, Vogl AL, Romero-Duque LP, Arreola LF, Caro-Borrero ÁP, Gallego F, Jain M, Little C, de Oliveira Xavier R, Paruelo JM, Peinado JE, Poorter L, Ascarrunz N, Correa F, Cunha-Santino MB, Hernández-Sánchez AP, Vallejos M. 2012. Ecosystem services research in Latin America: The state of the art. Ecosystem Services 2: 56–70.
Belter CW. 2015. Bibliometric indicators: Opportunities and limits. Journal of the Medical Library Association 103: 219–221.
Bongaarts J. 2019. 45 Population and Development Review IPBES, 2019. Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science?Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. 680–681 pp.
Brunet L, Arpin I, Peltola T. 2019. Governing research through affects: The case of ecosystem services science. Science and Public Policy 46: 866–875.
Busch M, La Notte A, Laporte V, Erhard M. 2012. Potentials of quantitative and qualitative approaches to assessing ecosystem services. Ecological Indicators 21: 89–103.
Cardinale BJ, Duffy JE, Gonzalez A, Hooper DU, Perrings C, Venail P, Narwani A, MacE GM, Tilman D, Wardle DA, Kinzig AP, Daily GC, Loreau M, Grace JB, Larigauderie A, Srivastava DS, Naeem S. 2012. Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature 486: 59–67.
Chaudhary S, McGregor A, Houston D, Chettri N. 2015. The evolution of ecosystem services: A time series and discourse-centered analysis. Environmental Science and Policy 54: 25–34.
Chen B, Kennedy CM, Xu B. 2019. Effective moratoria on land acquisitions reduce tropical deforestation: Evidence from Indonesia. Environmental Research Letters 14.
Chen W, Geng Y, Zhong S, Zhuang M, Pan H. 2020. A bibliometric analysis of ecosystem services evaluation from 1997 to 2016. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 27: 23503–23513.
Christie M, Fazey I, Cooper R, Hyde T, Kenter JO. 2012. An evaluation of monetary and non-monetary techniques for assessing the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services to people in countries with developing economies. Ecological Economics 83: 67–78.
Contandriopoulos D, Larouche C, Duhoux A. 2018. Evaluating academic research networks. Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation 33: 69–89.
Costanza R, D’Arge R, De Groot R, Farber S, Grasso M, Hannon B, Limburg K, Naeem S, O’Neill R V., Paruelo J, Raskin RG, Sutton P, Van Den Belt M. 1997. The value of the world’s ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature 387: 253–260.
Costanza R, Kubiszewski I. 2012. The authorship structure of “ecosystem services” as a transdisciplinary field of scholarship. Ecosystem Services 1: 16–25.
Costanza R, de Groot R, Sutton P, van der Ploeg S, Anderson SJ, Kubiszewski I, Farber S, Turner RK. 2014. Changes in the global value of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 26: 152–158.
Costanza R, de Groot R, Braat L, Kubiszewski I, Fioramonti L, Sutton P, Farber S, Grasso M. 2017. Twenty years of ecosystem services: How far have we come and how far do we still need to go? Ecosystem Services 28: 1–16.
Cowhitt T, Butler T, Wilson E. 2020. Using social network analysis to complete literature reviews: a new systematic approach for independent researchers to detect and interpret prominent research programs within large collections of relevant literature. International Journal of Social Research Methodology 23: 483–496.
Cruz-Garcia GS, Sachet E, Blundo-Canto G, Vanegas M, Quintero M. 2017. To what extent have the links between ecosystem services and human well-being been researched in Africa, Asia, and Latin America? Ecosystem Services 25: 201–212.
D’Amato D, Rekola M, Li N, Toppinen A. 2016. Monetary valuation of forest ecosystem services in China: A literature review and identification of future research needs. Ecological Economics 121: 75–84.
Daily GC. 1997. Nature’s services: societal dependence on natural ecosystems. Daily GC (Ed.). Island Press, Washington DC.
Daily GC, Matson PA. 2008. Ecosystem services: From theory to implementation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 105: 9455–9456.
Daniels J, Thistlethwaite P. 2017. Being a scholar in the digital era Measuring scholarly impact. Ding, Ying; Rousseau, Ronald; Wolfram D (Ed.). Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, 109–130 pp.
Dwisatrio B, Said Z, Permatasari AP, Maharani C, Moeliono M, Wijaya A, Lestari AA, Yuwono J, , Pham TT. 2021. The context of REDD+ in Indonesia: Drivers, agents and institutions [Update edition] The context of REDD+ in Indonesia: Drivers, agents and institutions [Update edition].
Dwiyahreni AA, Fuad HAH, Soesilo TEB, Margules C, Supriatna, J. 2021. Forest cover changes in Indonesia’s terrestrial national parks between 2012 and 2017. Biodiversitas 22: 1235–1242.
Eastwood A, Brooker R, Irvine RJ, Artz RRE, Norton LR, Bullock JM, Ross L, Fielding D, Ramsay S, Roberts J, Anderson W, Dugan D, Cooksley S, Pakeman RJ. 2016. Does nature conservation enhance ecosystem services delivery? Ecosystem Services 17: 152–162.
Eck NJ Van, Waltman L. 2019. VOSviewer Manual. Leiden University.
Estoque RC, Murayama Y. 2016. Quantifying landscape pattern and ecosystem service value changes in four rapidly urbanizing hill stations of Southeast Asia. Landscape Ecology 31: 1481–1507.
Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO]. 2015. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015: Country Report Indonesia. Rome
García-Llorente M, Harrison PA, Berry P, Palomo I, Gómez-Baggethun E, Iniesta-Arandia I, Montes C, García del Amo D, Martín-López B. 2018. What can conservation strategies learn from the ecosystem services approach? Insights from ecosystem assessments in two Spanish protected areas. Biodiversity and Conservation 27: 1575–1597.
Gutiérrez-Salcedo M, Martínez MÁ, Moral-Munoz JA, Herrera-Viedma E, Cobo MJ. 2018. Some bibliometric procedures for analyzing and evaluating research fields. Applied Intelligence 48: 1275–1287.
Hansen MC, Potapov P V., Moore R, Hancher M, Turubanova SA, Tyukavina A, Thau D, Stehman S V., Goetz SJ, Loveland TR, Kommareddy A, Egorov A, Chini L, Justice CO, Townshend JRG. 2013. High-resolution global maps of 21st-century forest cover change. Science 342: 850–853.
Hansen MC, Stehman S V., Potapov P V., Arunarwati B, Stolle F, Pittman K. 2009. Quantifying changes in the rates of forest clearing in Indonesia from 1990 to 2005 using remotely sensed data sets. Environmental Research Letters 4.
Hernández-Blanco M, Costanza R, Anderson S, Kubiszewski I, Sutton P. 2020. Future scenarios for the value of ecosystem services in Latin America and the Caribbean to 2050. Current Research in Environmental Sustainability 2: 100008.
Hobbs RJ, Hallett LM, Ehrlich PR, Mooney HA. 2011. Intervention ecology: Applying ecological science in the twenty-first century. BioScience 61: 442–450.
Hossain MS, Pogue SJ, Trenchard L, Van Oudenhoven APE, Washbourne CL, Muiruri EW, Tomczyk AM, García-Llorente M, Hale R, Hevia V, Adams T, Tavallali L, De Bell S, Pye M, Resende F. 2018. Identifying future research directions for biodiversity, ecosystem services and sustainability: perspectives from early-career researchers. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 25: 249–261.
Jiang W. 2017. Ecosystem services research in China: A critical review. Ecosystem Services 26: 10–16.
Kandel P, Chettri N, Chaudhary S, Sharma P, Uddin K. 2021. Ecosystem services research trends in the water tower of Asia: A bibliometric analysis from the Hindu Kush Himalaya. Ecological Indicators 121: 107152.
Katsnelson A. 2016. Big science spenders. Nature 537: S2–S3.
van der Laan C, Budiman A, Verstegen JA, Dekker SC, Effendy W, Faaij APC, Kusuma AD, Verweij PA. 2018. Analyses of land cover change trajectories leading to tropical forest loss: Illustrated for the West Kutai and MahakamUlu Districts, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Land 7.
Lakitan B, Hidayat D, Herlinda S. 2012. Scientific productivity and the collaboration intensity of Indonesian universities and public R&D institutions: Are there dependencies on collaborative R&D with foreign institutions? Technology in Society 34: 227–238.
Li W, Ciais P, MacBean N, Peng S, Defourny P, Bontemps S. 2016. Major forest changes and land cover transitions based on plant functional types derived from the ESA CCI Land Cover product. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 47: 30–39.
Liu W, Wang J, Li C, Chen B, Sun Y. 2019. Using Bibliometric Analysis to Understand the Recent Progress in Agroecosystem Services Research. Ecological Economics 156: 293–305.
Locatelli B, Vallet A, Tassin J, Gautier D, Chamaret A, Sist P. 2021. Collective and individual interdisciplinarity in a sustainability research group: A social network analysis. Sustainability Science 16: 37–52.
Maula AW, Fuad A, Utarini A. 2018. Ten-years trend of dengue research in Indonesia and South-east Asian countries: a bibliometric analysis. Global Health Action 11.
McDonough K, Hutchinson S, Moore T, Hutchinson JMS. 2017. Analysis of publication trends in ecosystem services research. Ecosystem Services 25: 82–88.
Millennium Ecosystem Assesment [MA]. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington DC.
Mishra M, Sudarsan D, Santos CAG, Mishra SK, Kar D, Baral K, Pattnaik N. 2021. An overview of research on natural resources and indigenous communities: a bibliometric analysis based on Scopus database (1979–2020). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 193.
Murray JP, Grenyer R, Wunder S, Raes N, Jones JPG. 2015. Spatial patterns of carbon, biodiversity, deforestation threat, and REDD+ projects in Indonesia. Conservation Biology 29: 1434–1445.
Newbold T, Hudson LN, Hill SLL, Contu S, Lysenko I, Senior RA, Börger L, Bennett DJ, Choimes A, Collen B, Day J, De Palma A, Díaz S, Echeverria-Londoño S, Edgar MJ, Feldman A, Garon M, Harrison MLK, Alhusseini T, Ingram DJ, Itescu Y, Kattge J, Kemp V, Kirkpatrick L, Kleyer M, Correia DLP, Martin CD, Meiri S, Novosolov M, Pan Y, Phillips HRP, Purves DW, Robinson A, Simpson J, Tuck SL, Weiher E, White HJ, Ewers RM, MacE GM, Scharlemann JPW, Purvis A. 2015. Global effects of land use on local terrestrial biodiversity. Nature 520: 45–50.
Ninan KN, Kontoleon A. 2016. Valuing forest ecosystem services and disservices - Case study of a protected area in India. Ecosystem Services 20: 1–14.
Nurhidayah L, Alam S. 2020. The forest and its biodiversity: Assessing the adequacy of biodiversity protection laws in Indonesia. Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law 23: 178–201.
Pauna VH, Picone F, Le Guyader G, Buonocore E, Franzese PP. 2018. The scientific research on ecosystem services: A bibliometric analysis. Ecological Questions 29: 53–62.
Perez TM, Hogan JA. 2018. The changing nature of collaboration in tropical ecology and conservation. Biotropica 50: 563–567.
Perianes-Rodriguez A, Waltman L, van Eck NJ. 2016. Constructing bibliometric networks: A comparison between full and fractional counting. Journal of Informetrics 10: 1178–1195.
Van Der Plas F, Manning P, Soliveres S, Allan E, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Verheyen K, Wirth C, Zavala MA, Ampoorter E, Baeten L, Barbaro L, Bauhus J, Benavides R, Benneter A, Bonal D, Bouriaud O, Bruelheide H, Bussotti F, Carnol M, Castagneyrol B, Charbonnier Y, Coomes DA, Coppi A, Bestias CC, Dawud SM, De Wandeler H, Domisch T, Finér L, Gessler A, Granier A, Grossiord C, Guyot V, Hättenschwiler S, Jactel H, Jaroszewicz B, Joly FX, Jucker T, Koricheva J, Milligan H, Mueller S, Muys B, Nguyen D, Pollastrini M, Ratcliffe S, Raulund-Rasmussen K, Selvi F, Stenlid J, Valladares F, Vesterdal L, Zielinski D, Fischer M. 2016. Erratum: Biotic homogenization can decrease landscapescale forest multifunctionality (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2016. 113 (3557-3562) DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1517903113). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113: E2549.
Rillig MC, Kiessling W, Borsch T, Gessler A, Greenwood AD, Hofer H, Joshi J, Schröder B, Thonicke K, Tockner K, Weisshuhn K, Jeltsch F. 2015. Biodiversity research: Data without theory-theory without data. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 3: 1–4.
Rintelen K Von, Arida E, Häuser C. 2017. A review of biodiversity-related issues and challenges in megadiverse Indonesia and other Southeast Asian countries.
Rogers G, Szomszor M, Adams J. 2020. Sample size in bibliometric analysis. Scientometrics 125: 777–794.
Rosato PF, Caputo A, Valente D, Pizzi S. 2021. 2030 Agenda and sustainable business models in tourism: A bibliometric analysis. Ecological Indicators 121: 106978.
Sharma SK, Baral H, Laumonier Y, Okarda B, Purnomo H, Pacheco P. 2019. Ecosystem services under future oil palm expansion scenarios in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Ecosystem Services 39.
Shoyama K, Kamiyama C, Morimoto J, Ooba M, Okuro T. 2017. A review of modeling approaches for ecosystem services assessment in the Asian region. Ecosystem Services 26: 316–328.
Sloan S, Campbell MJ, Alamgir M, Collier-Baker E, Nowak MG, Usher G, Laurance WF. 2018. Infrastructure development and contested forest governance threaten the Leuser Ecosystem, Indonesia. Land Use Policy 77: 298–309.
Soemodinoto A, Yulianto I, Kartawijaya T, Herdiana Y, Ningtias P, Kassem KR, Andayani N. 2018. Contribution of local governments to a national commitment of the Aichi Biodiversity Target 11: the case of West Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia. Biodiversity 19: 72–80.
Stephan P, Veugelers R, Wang J. 2017. Reviewers are blinkered by bibliometrics. Nature 544: 411–412.
Sumarga E, Hein L. 2016. Benefits and costs of oil palm expansion in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, under different policy scenarios. Regional Environmental Change 16: 1011–1021.
Suominen A, Seppänen M, Dedehayir O. 2019. A bibliometric review on innovation systems and ecosystems: a research agenda. European Journal of Innovation Management 22: 335–360.
Supriatna J, Shekelle M, Fuad HAH, Winarni NL, Dwiyahreni AA, Farid M, Mariati S, Margules C, Prakoso B, Zakaria Z. 2020. Deforestation on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi and the loss of primate habitat. Global Ecology and Conservation 24: e01205.
Szomszor M, Adams J, Fry R, Gebert C, Pendlebury DA, Potter RWK, Rogers G. 2021. Interpreting Bibliometric Data. Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics 5: 1–20.
The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity [TEEB]. 2010. The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity: Ecological and Economic Foundations. Kumar P (Ed.). Earthscan, London and Washington.
Torres AV, Tiwari C, Atkinson SF. 2021. Progress in ecosystem services research: A guide for scholars and practitioners. Ecosystem Services 49.
Turner RK, Daily GC. 2008. The ecosystem services framework and natural capital conservation. Environmental and Resource Economics 39: 25–35.
Turubanova S, Potapov P V, Tyukavina A, Hansen MC. 2018. Ongoing primary forest loss in Brazil, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Indonesia. Environmental Research Letters 13.
Tydecks L, Jeschke JM, Wolf M, Singer G, Tockner K. 2018. Spatial and topical imbalances in biodiversity research. PLoS ONE 13: 1–15.
Vihervaara P, Rönkä M, Walls M. 2010. Trends in ecosystem service research: Early steps and current drivers. Ambio 39: 314–324.
Vollmer D, Grêt-Regamey A. 2013. Rivers as municipal infrastructure: Demand for environmental services in informal settlements along an Indonesian river. Global Environmental Change 23: 1542–1555.
Wade CM, Austin KG, Cajka J, Lapidus D, Everett KH, Galperin D, Maynard R, Sobel A. 2020. What is threatening forests in protected areas? A global assessment of deforestation in protected areas, 2001-2018. Forests 11.
Wang B, Pan SY, Ke RY, Wang K, Wei YM. 2014. An overview of climate change vulnerability: A bibliometric analysis based on Web of Science database. Natural Hazards 74: 1649–1666.
Wangai PW, Burkhard B, Müller F. 2016. A review of studies on ecosystem services in Africa. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment 5: 225–245.
Wirth W, Lesbarrères D, Ariel E. 2021. Ten years of ranavirus research (2010-2019): An analysis of global research trends. Facets 6: 44–57.
Wood SLR, Jones SK, Johnson JA, Brauman KA, Chaplin-Kramer R, Fremier A, Girvetz E, Gordon LJ, Kappel C V., Mandle L, Mulligan M, O’Farrell P, Smith WK, Willemen L, Zhang W, DeClerck FA. 2018. Distilling the role of ecosystem services in the Sustainable Development Goals. Ecosystem Services 29: 70–82.
Zafirah N, Nurin NA, Samsurijan MS, Zuknik MH, Rafatullah M. 2017. Sustainable Ecosystem Services Framework for Tropical Catchment Management?: A Review. : 1–25.
Zhang X, Estoque RC, Xie H, Murayama Y, Ranagalage M. 2019. Bibliometric analysis of highly cited articles on ecosystem services. PLoS ONE 14: 1–16.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>