Diversity and conservation status of avifauna in Mount Lantoy Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) in Cebu Island, Philippines




Abstract. Malaki ABB, Alcazar SMT, LILLO EP, Rosales RC, Redoblado BR, DIAZ JL. 2021. Diversity and conservation status of avifauna in Mount Lantoy Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) in Cebu Island, Philippines. Biodiversitas 23: 671-678. A study on the bird community in Mount (Mt.) Lantoy Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) was carried out to determine its diversity and conservation status to conserve, protect, and rehabilitate forest habitat within the KBA. The study was conducted across three sampling sites. By using the transect, point count, and mist nets, we found 1,340 individuals belonging to 31 orders, 32 families, and 44 species within the study sites. There were five dominant bird species, i.e., Hypsipetes philippinus (J.R.Forster, 1795), Phapitreron leucotis (Temminck, 1823), Psilopogon haemacephalus (P.L.S.Müller, 1776), Nectarinia jugularis (Linnaeus, 1766), and the endangered Kittacincla cebuensis (Steere, 1890). We also found rare bird species within the study site, such as Haliastur indus (Boddaert, 1783), Geopelia striata (Linnaeus, 1766), Monticola solitarius (Linnaeus, 1758), Oriolus chinensis (Linnaeus, 1766), Dendrocopos maculatus (Scopoli, 1786), Pycnonotus goiavier (Scopoli, 1786), and Rallina eurizonoides (Lafresnaye, 1845). We also found six Philippine endemics, including K. cebuensis, Ninox rumseyi (Rasmussen et al. 2012), H. philippinus, D. maculatus, Loriculus philippensis (Statius Muller, 1776), and Caprimulgus manillensis (Walden, 1875). Based on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, two species are Endangered, and 42 species are Least Concern (LC). Using the "Checklist of the Birds of the Philippines," we found two species are Endangered, two species are Near Threatened, and 40 species are LC. The diversity of birds in Mt. Lantoy KBA was moderate. We considered that this KBA is highly exposed to various forest or habitat disturbances such as land-use conversion, charcoal making, firewood gathering, slash-and-burn method of cultivation, and infrastructure development. There is a need to strictly implement the policies governing the utilization of forest resources to augment the diversity of the study site.


Bibby C, Jones M, Marsden S. 2000. Expedition Field Techniques: Bird Surveys. Bird Int., Cambridge, UK.
Birdlife Conservation International 2008. Endemic Bird Areas (EBAs). Bird Conservation International. URL: http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/eba.
Birdlife International. 2012. Birdlife International Country Profile: Philippines 2012. Bird International. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/country/Philippines.
BirdLife International. 2016. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22710009A94230408.en.
Brooks TM, Magsalay P, Dutson G, Allen R. 1995. Forest loss, extinction, and last hope for birds of Cebu. Oriental Bird Club Bull 21: 24-27.
Chettri N, Sharma E, Deb D. 2001. Bird community structure along a trekking corridor of Sikkim Himalaya: A conservation perspective. Biol Conserv 102 (1): 1-16. DOI: 10.1016/S0006-3207(01)00092-1.
Collar NJ, Mallari NAD, Tabaranza Jr BR. 1999. Threatened birds of the Philippines. Bookmark, Makati City, Philippines.
Colwell RK. 2013. EstimateS: Statistical Estimation of Species Richness and Shared Species from Samples. Version 9: Persistent URL .
Conservation International. 2009. Priority sites for conservation in the Philippines: Key Biodiversity Areas. Conservation International. http://www.conservation.org/global/philippines/publications/pages/Integrated-Marine-Key-Biodiversity-Areas-of-the-Philippines-(map).aspx
Cresswell WR, Wilson JM, Vickery J, Jones P, Holt S. 2007. Changes in densities of Sahelian bird species in response to recent habitat degradation. Ostrich 78 (2): 247-253. DOI: 10.2989/OSTRICH.2007.
Dickinson EC, Kennedy RS, Parkes KC. 1991. The Birds of the Philippines. British Ornithologists’ Union, Tring, U. K.
Dutson GCL, Magsalay PM, Timmins RJ. 1993. The rediscovery of the Cebu flowerpecker Dicaeum quadricolor, with notes on other forest birds on Cebu, Philippines. Bird Conserv Intl 3 (3):235-240. DOI: 10.1017/S0959270900000927.
Gonzalez JCT, Dans ATL, Pedregosa MdG, Chiu SCH. 1998. Cebu Biodiversity Conservation Project: A Report on Island-Wide Forests and Inventory of Selected Sites for Priority Conservation on Cebu. Unpublished Information Submitted to Darwin Initiative and Fauna and Flora International.
Hadiprayitno G, Al Idrus A, Mertha IG, Ilhamdi ML, Suana IW. 2019. Birds community and it's conservation implications in Gunung Tunak Nature Park, Lombok, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 20: 1753-1757. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d200636.
Haribon Foundation. 2014. The State of Philippine Birds. Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources, Inc., Quezon City, Philippines.
Husodo T, Mochtan KP, Shanida SS, Aminuddin SF, Wulandari I, Putra IS, Megantara EN. 2020. Avian diversity in geothermal power plant areas: Case studies in Kamojang, Darajat, and Gunung Salak, West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 21 (3): 1049-1059. DOI:10.13057/biodiv/d210327.
Jakosalem PGC, Collar NJ, Gill JA. 2012. Habitat selection and conservation status of the endemic Ninox hawk-owl on Cebu, Philippines. Bird Conserv Intl 23 (3): 360-370. DOI: 10.1017/S0959270912000317.
Kennedy RS, Gonzales PC, Dickinson EC, Miranda Jr. HC, Fisher TH. 2000. A guide to the birds of the Philippines. Oxford Univ Press, New York.
Lillo EP, Malaki ABB, Alcazar SMT, Nuevo RU, Rosales RC. 2019. Native trees on Mount Lantoy Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA), Argao, Cebu, Philippines. Philipp J Sci 148 (2): 365-377.
Ludwig JA, Reynolds JF. 1988. Statistical Ecology: A Primer in Methods and Computing. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
Magsalay PM. 1993. Rediscovery of four Cebu endemic birds (Philippines). Asia Life Sci 2: 141-148.
Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. Princeton Univ Press, New Jersey. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-015-7358-0.
Malaki ABB, Cruz RVO, Bantayan NC, Racelis DA, Buot IE, Florece LM. 2018. Factors affecting the spatial distribution of black shama Copsychus cebuensis (Steere, 1890) in Argao Watershed Reserve. Philipp J Sci 147 (1): 175-189.
Mallari NAD, Tabaranza Jr BR, Crosby M. 2001. Key Conservation Sites in the Philippines: A Haribon Foundation and BirdLife International Directory of Important Bird Areas. Bookmark Inc., Makati City, Philippines.
Mittermeier RA, Myers N, Robles-Gil P, Mittermeier CG. 1999. Hotspots. Earth’s Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions. CEMEX/Agrupación Sierra Madre, Mexico City.
Obeña RDR, Buot JrIE. 2019. Enumeration of Hoya species in Mindanao Island, Philippines: Conservation concerns. Biodiversitas 20: 1699-1707. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d200628.
Paguntalan LMJ, Jacosalem PG. 2008. Significant records of birds in forests on Cebu Island, Central Philippines. Forktail 24 (2008): 48-56.
Vallecillo S, Maes J, Polce C, Lavalle C. 2016. A habitat quality indicator for common birds in Europe based on species distribution models. Ecol Indic 69: 488-499. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2016.05.008.
Veraart J, De Groot R, Perelló G, Riddiford N, Roijackers R. 2004. Selection of (bio) indicators to assess effects of freshwater use in wetlands: A case study of s’ Albufera de Mallorca, Spain. Reg Environ Change 4 (2-3): 107-117. DOI: 10.1007/s10113-004-0070-2.
Wild Bird Club of the Philippines. 2018. Checklist of the Birds of the Philippines. www.birdwatch.ph.

Most read articles by the same author(s)