Land suitability assessment for Lansium domesticum cultivation on agroforestry land using matching method and geographic information system




Abstract. Rahmawaty, Frastika S, Rauf A, Batubara R, Harahap FS. 2020. Land suitability assessment for Lansium domesticum cultivation on agroforestry land using matching method and geographic information system. Biodiversitas 21: 3683-3690. Lansium domesticum is one of the multipurpose tree species (MPTS) and is commonly found on agroforestry lands in Sumatra. This study aimed to evaluate the actual land suitability classes for L. domesticum and to map the potential land suitability for the species using matching method and geographic information system (GIS). The study was conducted in Sei Bingai Sub-district, Langkat District, North Sumatra, Indonesia. A survey was conducted to collect soil samples based on land units. Land unit information was obtained by overlaying soil map, land-use map, and slope map. Land suitability was evaluated based on the matching method and GIS was used to map the distribution of land suitability. The results showed that both the actual and potential land suitability classes based on matching approach for L. domesticum were moderately suitable (S2) which accounted for 88.95% of total land and marginally suitable (S3) which accounted for 11.05%. Availability of water (wa), erosion hazard (eh), root-zone medium (rc), oxygen availability (oa), and nutrient retention (nr) were the dominant limiting factors in this area. The most difficult constraints to manage were root-zone medium and water availability. The results of this study suggest that the development of L. domesticum in Sei Bingai is possible although it requires some land improvements to deal with the limiting factors.


Apuy M, Lahjie AM, Simarangkir BDAS, Ruslim Y, Kristiningrum R. 2017. Traditional plants in forest gardens of West Kutai, Indonesia: Production and financial sustainability. Biodiversitas 18:1207-1217.
Arsyad S. 2010. Soil and water conservation. 2nd ed. IPB Press, Bogor. [Indonesian]
Bagdanavi?i?t?, Ingrida, Vali?nas, Jurijus. 2012. GIS-based land suitability analysis integrating multi-criteria evaluation for the allocation of potential pollution sources. Environmental Earth Sciences 68 (6). 10.1007/s12665-012-1869-7.
Barakat A, Ennaji W, El Jazouli A, Amediaz R, Touhami F. 2017. Multivariate analysis and GIS-based soil suitability diagnosis for sustainable intensive agriculture in Beni-Moussa irrigated subperimeter (Tadla plain, Morocco); Model. Earth Syst. Environ 3(1) 1–8.
Ennaji W, Barakat A, El Baghdadi M. 2018. GIS-based multi-criteria land suitability analysis for sustainable agriculture in the northeast area of Tadla plain (Morocco). J Earth Syst Sci 127 (79).
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). 1976. A Framework for Land
Evaluation. FAO Soil Bulletin 32. FAO, Rome. Italy.
Harahap FS, Sitompul R, Rauf A. Rahmawaty. Harahap DE and Walida H. 2019. Land suitability evaluation for oil palm plantations (Elaeis guenensis jacq.) on Sitellu Tali Urang Julu, Pakpak Bharat District. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 260: 012116. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/260/1/012116.
Hanum L, Kasiamdari RS, Santosa, Rugayah. 2013. The phylogenetic relationship among varieties of Lansium domesticum correa based on its rdna sequences. Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology 18(2): 123-132.
Isfaeni H, Filani R, Pertiwi A. 2012. Repellency of Lansium domesticum peels extract to nilaparvatalugens (homoptera) on Oryza sativa IR 42. Proceedings of The Society for Indonesian Biodiversity - International Conference (1): 55-58.
Khormi HM, Kumar L. 2013. Using geographic information system and remote sensing to study common mosquito-borne diseases in Saudi Arabia: A review. J. Food Agric. Environ 11(2): 14–17.
Klungsupya P, Suthepakul N, Muangman T, Rerk-Am U, Thongdon-A 2015. Determination of free radical scavenging, antioxidative DNA damage activities and phytochemical components of active fractions from Lansium domesticum Corr. fruit. J.Nutrients 7(8):6852-6873. doi: 10.3390/nu7085312.PMID: 26287238.
Li L, Zhao J, Yuan T. 2011. Study on approaches of land suitability evaluation for crop production using GIS. In: Li D., Liu Y., Chen Y. (eds) Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture IV. CCTA 2010. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology 345. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
Marfori EC, Kajiyama SI, Fukusaki EI, Kobayashi A. 2015. Lansioside D, a new triterpenoid glycoside antibiotic from the fruit peel of Lansium domesticum Correa. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 3(5): 140-143.
Matsumoto T, Kitagawa T, Teo S, Anai Y, Ikeda R, Imahori D, Ahmad HSB, Watanabe T. 2018. Structures and antimutagenic effects of onoceranoid-type triterpenoids from the leaves of Lansium domesticum. J Nat Prod 26 (81)(10):2187-2194. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.8b00341.
Mayanti T, Tjokronegoro R, Supratman U, Mukhtar MR, Awang K, Hadi AH. 2011. Antifeedant triterpenoids from the seeds and bark of Lansium domesticum cv Kokossan (Meliaceae). Molecules 16: 2785-95.
Munir T, Munawar KS, Mohyuddin A. 2018. An overview of the antibacterial implications of Lansium domesticum. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences 14: 206-9.
Nie Y, Yu J, Peng Y, Wu Y, Yu L, Jiang Y, Zhou Y, 2016. A comprehensive evaluation of soil fertility of cultivated land: A GIS-based soil basic niche-fitness model. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal 47: 670–678.
Nuarsa IW, Dibia IN, Wikantika K, Suwardhi D, Rai IN. 2018.
GIS based analysis of agroclimate land suitability for banana plants in Bali Province, Indonesia. Hayati Journal of Biosciences 25 (1):11-17.
Rahmawaty, Marpaung, RME, Rauf A, Batubara R. 2020a. Integrated GIS and GPS for mapping of land suitability for multy purpose tree species (Persea americana) at community agroforestry land in Peria-ria Village. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 454 (2020) 012146. IOP Publishing. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/454/1/012146.
Rahmawaty, Situmorang LKN, Rauf A, Batubara R. 2020b. GIS based: mapping of multy purpose tree species (Durio zibethinus) in Perkebunan Tambunan Village, Langkat District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 454 (2020) 012147. IOP Publishing. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/454/1/012147.
Rahmawaty, Rauf A, Batubara R, Frastika S. 2020c. Application of geographic information system for mapping of Hevea brasiliensis and Aquilaria malaccensis land suitability at Simpang Kuta Buluh. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 458 (2020) 012030. IOP Publishing. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/458/1/012030.
Rahmawaty, Frastika S, Marpaung RME, Batubara R, Rauf A. 2019a. Short Communication: Use of Geographic Information System for mapping of Aquilaria malaccensis land suitability in North Sumatra, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 20 (9): 2561-68.
Rahmawaty, Rauf A, Frastika S. 2019b. Mapping of actual and potential land suitability for oil palm in several land unit using geographic information system. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ Sci 260: 012073. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/260/1/012073.
Rahmawaty, Rauf A, Frastika S. 2019c. Spatial analysis for Pinus merkusii land suitability at agroforestry land in Telagah Village Sumatera Utara Indonesia. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 593 012017. DOI:10.1088/1757-899X/593/1/012017.
Rahmawaty, Sari EK, Syofyan A, Rauf A. 2015. Integrated geographic information system and global positioning system for mapping of forest plants in supporting natural resources protection. Procedia Chemistry 14:334-342.
Rahmawaty, Villanueva TR, Carandang MG. 2011. Participatory land use allocation, case study in Besitang Watershed, Langkat, North Sumatera, Indonesia. German: Lambert Academic Publishing.
Ritung S, Nugroho K, Mulyani A, Suryani E. 2011. Technical Guidelines for Evaluating Land for Agricultural Commodities (Revised Edition). Agricultural Research and Development Agency, Bogor. [Indonesian]
Saewan N, Sutherland JD, Chantrapromma K. 2006. Antimalarial tetranortriterpenoids from the seeds of Lansium domesticum Corr. Phytochemistry 67: 2288–2293.
Salim M, Sulistyaningrum N, Isnawati A, Sitorus H, Yahya Y, Ni'mah T. 2016. Characterization of simplicia and the peel extract of duku (Lansium domesticum Corr.) from South Sumatra and Jambi Province. Jurnal Kefarmasian Indonesia/ The Indonesian Pharmaceutical Journal 6 (2):117-128.
Satriawan H, Harahap EM, Rahmawaty, Karim A. 2015. Effectiveness of soil conservation to erosion control on several land use types. Agriculture (Po?nohospodárstvo) 61 (2): 61?68.
Song BK, Clyde MM, Wickneswari R, Normah MN. 2000. Genetic relatedness among Lansium domesticum accessions using RAPD markers. Ann Bot 86: 299-307.
Tilaar M, Wih WL, Ranti AS, Wasitaatmadja SM, Suryaningsih, Junardy, FD. 2008. Review of Lansium domesticum Corrêa and its use in cosmetics. Boletín Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromáticas 7(4): 183-189.
Wahyuni D, Furqani F, Astuti AW, Khoiriah, Indrawati, Zein R. 2014. Removal of Cadmium (II) and Copper (II) from aqueous solution by using langsat fruit (Lansium domesticum Corr) seed. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 5(5): 1320-1328.
Wali E, Datta A, Shrestha RP, Shrestha S. 2016. Development of a land suitability model for saffron (Crocus sativus L.) cultivation in Khost Province of Afghanistan using GIS and AHP techniques. Arch. Agron. Soil Sci. 62: 921–934.
Yapp DTT, Yap SY. 2003. Lansium domesticum: skin and leaf extracts of this fruit tree interrupt the lifecycle of Plasmodium falciparum, and are active towards a chloroquine-resistant strain of the parasite (T9) in vitro. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 85: 145–150.
Yulita KS. 2011. Genetic variations of Lansium domesticum Corr. accessions from Java, Bengkulu and Ceram based on Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA fingerprints. Biodiversitas 12: 125-130.

Most read articles by the same author(s)