Morphological characteristics of Zingiberaceae in Serang District, Banten, Indonesia

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

GUT WINDARSIH
DWINITA WIKAN UTAMI
SITI YURIYAH

Abstract

Abstract. Windarsih G, Utami DW, Yuriyah S. 2021. Morphological characteristics of Zingiberaceae in Serang District, Banten, Indonesia. Biodiversitas 22: 5507-5529. Zingiberaceae, known as ginger family, is a family of monocotyledon belonging to the Zingiberales order. This family is widely used its rhizome for various purposes, especially as medicinal plant. The morphological characters can be used to help the identification of species in the field of plant taxonomy. The aim of study was to characterize the morphological traits, both vegetative and generative organs, of Zingiberaceae from Serang District, Banten. Plant specimens were collected from Serang District, Banten, including in Pabuaran, Gunungsari, and Ciomas sub-district using purposive sampling. The examination of morphological characters data was conducted through observation and documentation. There were 13 species/varieties of Zingiberaceae collected from the studied area, i.e. Amomum compactum, Alpinia purpurata, Curcuma xanthorrhiza, C. longa, C. heyneana, C. mangga, C. aeruginosa, Kaempferia rotunda, Etlingera elatior, Zingiber zerumbet, Z. officinale, Zingiber officinale var. rubrum, and Z. cassumunar, in which the generative organs were found only in eight species/cultivars of them. Based on the morphological characters of vegetative organs, thirteen species/cultivars had a similarity distance coefficient from 37% to 94%; while based on the morphological characters of both vegetative and generative organs, the eight species/cultivars had a similarity distance coefficient from 31% to 94%. The results showed that using the characters of vegetative organs data were still able to provide consistent grouping results with the generative organs.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

References
Abdel-Lateef E, Mahmoud F, Hammam O, El-Ahwany E, El-Wakil E, Kandil S, Taleb HA, El-Sayed M, Hassenein H. 2016. Bioactive chemical constituents of Curcuma longa L. rhizomes extract inhibit the growth of human hepatoma cell line (Hepg2). Acta Pharm 66: 387-398.
Christenhusz MJ, Byng JW. 2016. The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase. Phytotaxa 261: 201-217.
De Castro CEF, De Castro ACR, Gonçalves C, Loges V. 2018. Morphophenological characterization of ornamental ginger and selection for landscape use. Ornam Hortic 24 (3): 255-260.
Irayanti NMA, Yadnya-Putra AAGR. 2020. A narrative review of Zingiberaceae family as antibacterial agent for traditional medication based on balinese local wisdom. J Pharm Sci 2 (2): 2301-7708.
Jagtap S. 2015. Phytochemical screening, anti-oxidant activity, multielemental analysis by ICP- Spectroscopy and antimicrobial activity of rhizome extracts of Curcuma pseudomontana J. Graham. European J Biomed Pharm Sci 2 (4): 1152-1169.
Jeon WY, Lee MY, Shin IS, Jin SE, Ha H. 2015. Curcuma aromatica water extract attenuates ethanol- induced gastritis via enhancement of antioxidant status. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2015: 1-7.
Jose S, Thomas TD. 2014. Comparative phytochemical and antibacterial studies of two indigenous medicinal plants Curcuma caesia Roxb. and Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. Int J Green Pharm 8: 65-71.
Maknoi C, Saensouk S, Saensouk P, Rakarcha S, Thammarong W. 2021. Two new species of Curcuma L. (Zingiberaceae) from Thailand. Biodiversitas 22 (9): 3910-3921.
Nithya R, Jayshree N. 2017. A review on herbs of the Zingiberaceae family with beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases. World J Pharm Pharmaceu Sci 6 (6): 635-643.
Nwozo SO, Osunmadewa DA, Oyinloye BE. 2014. Anti-fatty liver effects of oils from Zingiber officinale and Curcuma longa on ethanol induced fatty liver in rats. J Integr Med 12: 59- 65
Pant M, Misra H, Jain DC. 2013. Phytochemical investigation of ethyl acetate extract from Curcuma aromatica Salisb. rhizomes. Arab J Chem 6: 279-283.
Pawar RK, Sharma S, Singh KC, Sharma Rajeev KR. 2011. Development and validation of HPTLC method for the determination of andrographolide in kalmegh navayas lohaan ayurvedic formulation. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 3: 975-1491.
Pitopang R, Damry, Rusdi, Hamzah B, Zubair MS, Amar AL, Fathurahman F, Basri Z, Poulsen AD. 2019. Diversity of Zingiberaceae and traditional uses by three indigenous groups at Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. International Seminar on Science and Technology 2018. J Phys: Conf Ser 1242. DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1242/1/012039. [Indonesian]
Rohlf FJ. 1997. NTSYS-pc. Numerical taxonomy and multivariate analysis. Version 2.0. Exeter Software, New York.
Saensouk P, Saensouk S. 2021. Diversity, traditional uses, and conservation status of Zingiberaceae in Udorn Thani province, Thailand. Biodiversitas 22 (8): 3083-3097. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d220801
Shafreen RB, Lubinska M, Ró?za´ nska A, Dymerski T, Namie´snik J, Katrich E, Gorinstein S. 2018. Human serum interactions with phenolic and aroma substances of Kaffir (Citrus hystrix) and Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia) juices. J Lumin 201: 115-122.
Sikha A, Harini A, Prakash H. 2015. Pharmacological activities of wild turmeric (Curcuma aromatica Salisb): A review. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 3: 1-4.
Tjitrosoepomo G. 2003. Morfologi Tumbuhan. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta.
Trimanto, Dwiyanti, D., dan Indriyani, S. 2018. Morfologi, anatomi, dan uji histokimia rimpang Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb; Curcuma longa L. dan Curcuma heyneana Valeton dan Zijp. Berita Biologi 17 (2): 123-133.
UPOV [The International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants]. 1996. Guidelines: For the conduct of tests for distinctness, uniformity and stability. UPOV, Geneva. www.upov.int.
Zahara M. 2020. Identification of morphological and stomatal characteristics of Zingiberaceae as medicinal plants in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. The 1st International Conference on Agriculture and Bioindustry 2019. IOP Conf. Ser. : Earth Environ Sci 425.